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Documentation: Religion 2009 (InfoGroup)
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Document: Religion 2009
Social Explorer Religion 2009 Documentation. Data collected by the InfoGroup, organized by the ARDA, tabulated and processed by Social Explorer.
Religion 2009
Religion by Families

Many religious groups in America are formed through a complex series of schisms and mergers. As a result, many religious groups share a common historical background even if they now hold substantially different religious beliefs. The religious families listed below organize religious groups based on their religious ancestry or heritage. For more information on the Religion Families and the denominations within each family, please refer to the ARDA's Denominational Family Trees and Profiles:

A list of families assembled by InfoGroup:

  • Adventist Family
  • Anglicanism Family
  • Baptist Family
  • Christian Science Family
  • Communal Family
  • Eastern Liturgical Family (Orthodox)
  • European Free-Church Family (Brethren, Mennonites, Quakers, Amish)
  • Holiness Family
  • Independent Fundamentalist Family
  • Judaism Family
  • Latter-day Saints Family (Mormonism)
  • Liberal Family
  • Lutheran Family
  • Methodist/Pietist Family
  • Other Groups
  • Pentecostal Family
  • Presbyterian-Reformed Family
  • Spiritualist Family
  • Western Liturgical Family (Catholicism)

The 233 religious groups and their category placement are as follows:

Denomination Source Reported By InfoGroup Religious Family
Advent Christian Church Adventist
Adventists - Other Adventist
Church of God General Conference Adventist
Seventh Day Adventists Adventist
Seventh Day Church of God Adventist
American Baptist Association Baptist
American Baptist Churches/USA Baptist
Baptist General Conference Baptist
Baptist - Other Baptist
Baptist Bible Fellowship Baptist
Baptist Missionary Association of America Baptist
Cooperative Baptist Fellowship Baptist
Independent Baptist Churches Baptist
Conservative Baptist Association Baptist
Free Will Baptists Baptist
General Assoc. of Regular Baptists Baptist
Assoc. of General Baptists Baptist
General Association of Separatist Baptists Baptist
National Baptist Convention of America Baptist
National Baptist Convention-USA Baptist
North American Baptist Conference Baptist
Primitive Baptists Baptist
Progressive National Baptist Convention Baptist
Seventh Day Baptist Gen. Conference Baptist
Southern Baptist Convention Baptist
Southwide Baptist Fellowship Baptist
United Baptist Baptist
World Baptist Fellowship Baptist
African Methodist Episcopal Church Methodist
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Methodist
African Union Methodist Protestant Methodist
Christian Methodist Episcopal Church Methodist
Congregational Methodist Church Methodist
Evangelical Congregational Church Methodist
Evangelical Methodist Church Methodist
Independent Methodist Churches Methodist
Methodist - Other Methodist
Primitive Methodist Church Methodist
Reformed Zion Union Apostolic Methodist
Southern Methodist Church Methodist
United Methodist Church Methodist
American Association of Lutheran Church Lutheran
Apostolic Lutheran Church of America Lutheran
Association of Free Lutheran Congregations Lutheran
Church of Lutheran Confession Lutheran
Church of the Lutheran Brethren Lutheran
Evangelical Lutheran Synod Lutheran
Latvian Evangelical Lutheran Church Lutheran
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Lutheran
Lutheran - Other Lutheran
Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod Lutheran
Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Lutheran
Association Reformed Presbyterian Church Presbyterian/Reformed
Bible Presbyterian Church Presbyterian/Reformed
Christian Reformed Church Presbyterian/Reformed
Churches of God (Findlay, OH) Presbyterian/Reformed
Congregational Christian Churches Presbyterian/Reformed
Conservative Congregation Christian Conference Presbyterian/Reformed
Cumberland Presbyterian Church Presbyterian/Reformed
Evangelical Presbyterian Church Presbyterian/Reformed
Free Reformed Churches of North America Presbyterian/Reformed
Free Presbyterian Church Presbyterian/Reformed
Orthodox Presbyterian Church Presbyterian/Reformed
Presbyterian Church in America Presbyterian/Reformed
Presbyterian/Reformed - Other Presbyterian/Reformed
Presbyterian Church (USA) Presbyterian/Reformed
Protestant Reformed Churches Presbyterian/Reformed
Reformed Church in America Presbyterian/Reformed
Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America Presbyterian/Reformed
Reformed Church in the USA Presbyterian/Reformed
Cumberland Presbyterian Ch in America Presbyterian/Reformed
United Church of Christ Presbyterian/Reformed
United Reformed Churches in North America Presbyterian/Reformed
Maranatha Christian Churches Pentecostal
Apostolic Church of Pentecost Pentecostal
Apostolic Churches - Other Pentecostal
Apostolic Faith Church Pentecostal
Apostolic Overcoming Holy Church Pentecostal
Assemblies of God Pentecostal
Bible Way Church of Lord Jesus Christ Pentecostal
Calvary Chapel Pentecostal
Christian Church of North America Pentecostal
Church of God (Cleveland, TN) Pentecostal
Church of God of Prophecy Pentecostal
Church of God - Mountain Assembly Pentecostal
Church of God - Other Pentecostal
Church of God By Faith Pentecostal
Church of God in Christ Pentecostal
Congregational Holiness Church, Inc. Pentecostal
Church of the Living God Pentecostal
Church of the Lord Jesus Christ Pentecostal
Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ of Apostolic Faith Pentecostal
Deliverance Churches Pentecostal
Church On the Rock Pentecostal
Seventh Day Pentecostal Pentecostal
Word Churches Pentecostal
Elim Fellowship Pentecostal
Faith Christian Fellowship Pentecostal
Fire-Baptized Holiness Church Pentecostal
First Church of Jesus Christ Pentecostal
Full Gospel Fellowship Pentecostal
Hall Deliverance Foundation Pentecostal
International Foursquare Gospel Pentecostal
International Pentecostal Church of Christ Pentecostal
Association of Vineyard Churches Pentecostal
Liberty Fellowship of Churches Pentecostal
Open Bible Standard Churches Pentecostal
Church of God (Original) Pentecostal
Pentecostal Assemblies of the World Pentecostal
Pentecostal Church of God Pentecostal
Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Church Pentecostal
International Pentecostal Holiness Church Pentecostal
Pentecostal - Other Pentecostal
United House of Prayer Pentecostal
United Christian Church Pentecostal
United Pentecostal Church Pentecostal
Victory Churches International Pentecostal
Liberal Catholic Churches Catholic
Polish National Catholic Church Catholic
Roman Catholic Church Catholic
Convents/Rectories/Monasteries Catholic
Brethren - Other Brethren
Fellowship of Grace Brethren Brethren
Church of the Brethren Brethren
Old German Baptist Brethren Church Brethren
United Brethren in Christ Brethren
Berean Fundamental Churches Independent Fundamentalist
Church of the Open Door Independent Fundamentalist
Independent Bible Churches Independent Fundamentalist
Fundamental Bible Churches Independent Fundamentalist
Grace Gospel Fellowship Independent Fundamentalist
Independent Fundamental Churches Independent Fundamentalist
Plymouth Brethren Independent Fundamentalist
Anglican - Other Episcopal
Anglican Episcopal of North America Episcopal
Charismatic Episcopal Church Episcopal
Episcopal Church Episcopal
Anglican Orthodox Church Episcopal
Reformed Episcopal Church Episcopal
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) Christian/Church of Christ
Christian & Churches of Christ Christian/Church of Christ
Christian - Other Christian/Church of Christ
Churches of Christ (Non-Instrumental) Christian/Church of Christ
Church of God in Christ, Mennonite Mennonite
Conservative Mennonite Fellowship Mennonite
Amish (Mennonite) Mennonite
Evangelical Mennonite Mission Conference Mennonite
Brethren in Christ Mennonite
Mennonite Church USA Mennonite
Mennonite Brethren Church Mennonite
Church of Jesus Christ - Latter-day Saints Latter-day Saints
Community of Christ (RLDS) Latter-day Saints
Allegheny Wesleyan Methodist Holiness
American Rescue Workers Holiness
Apostolic Christian (Nazarean) Holiness
Bible Methodist Connection Holiness
Christian & Missionary Alliance Holiness
Ch. of Christ in Christian Union Holiness
Church of God (Anderson, IN) Holiness
Churches of God (Independent Holiness) Holiness
Church of God (Holiness) Holiness
Pillar of Fire Holiness
Evangelical Christian Church Holiness
Evangelical Church of North America Holiness
Free Methodist Church of North America Holiness
Grace and Hope Mission Holiness
Holiness - Other Holiness
Missionary Church Holiness
Mount Calvary Holy Church of America Holiness
National Association of Holiness Churches Holiness
Church of the Nazarene Holiness
Rescue Mission Holiness
Salvation Army Holiness
Triumph the Church/Kingdom of God Holiness
Wesleyan Church Holiness
Christian Science Churches Metaphysical
Swedenborgian Churches Metaphysical
Metaphysical - Other Metaphysical
National Spiritualist Association Metaphysical
Spiritual Science Churches Metaphysical
Spiritualist Churches/Organizations Metaphysical
United Church of Religious Science Metaphysical
Unity School of Christianity Metaphysical
Church of Scientology Metaphysical
Albanian Orthodox Diocese of America Orthodox
American Carpatho-Russian Orthodox Orthodox
Antiochian Orthodox Christian Orthodox
Armenian Apostolic Church Orthodox
Armenian Church of America Orthodox
Byelorussian Orthodox Orthodox
Greek Orthodox Church Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox - Other Orthodox
Orthodox Church in America Orthodox
Romanian Orthodox Episcopate Orthodox
Russian Orthodox Church Orthodox
Serbian Eastern Orthodox Church Orthodox
Ukranian Orthodox Church Orthodox
Jewish - Other Jewish
Orthodox Jewish Congregations Jewish
Reconstructionist Jewish Congregations Jewish
Reform Jewish Congregations Jewish
Conservative Jewish Congregations Jewish
Christadelphians Evangelical Misc
International Council Community Churches Evangelical Misc
Evangelical Covenant Church Evangelical Misc
Evangelical Free Church Evangelical Misc
Evangelical - Other Evangelical Misc
Federated Church Evangelical Misc
Friends (Quakers) Evangelical Misc
Military Chapels Evangelical Misc
Metropolitan Community Churches Evangelical Misc
Moravian Church in America Evangelical Misc
Neighborhood Churches Evangelical Misc
Non-Denominational Churches Evangelical Misc
Union of Messianic Jewish Congregations Evangelical Misc
Schwenkfelder Church Evangelical Misc
United/Union Churches Evangelical Misc
Worldwide Church of God Evangelical Misc
Non Classified Affiliation Misc/Classified
Baha'i Faith Misc/Classified
Buddhist Temples, Zen Misc/Classified
Eckankar Misc/Classified
Hindu Temples Misc/Classified
Jehovah's Witnesses Misc/Classified
Krishna Misc/Classified
Miscellaneous Cults and Sects Misc/Classified
Muslim/Mohammed/Islam Misc/Classified
Nichiren Shoshu Temple Misc/Classified
Sikh Society Misc/Classified
Miscellaneous Eastern Religions Misc/Classified
Tenrikyo Churches Misc/Classified
Unification Church Misc/Classified
Unitarian Universalist Association Misc/Classified
Yoga Institutes Misc/Classified

Adventist Family
Churches originating from founder William Miller in the late 19th century, who taught that Christ would soon return to earth and that Saturday rather than Sunday should be observed as the Sabbath. The Adventist family includes the Seventh Day Adventist Church as well as offshoots such as the Advent Christian Church.
  • Advent Christian Church
  • Church of God (Seventh Day), Denver, Colorado
  • Church of God (Seventh-Day, Salem, West Virginia)
  • Church of God General Conference (Oregon, IL and Morrow, GA)
  • Seventh-day Adventist Church
For more information on Adventist Family, please refer to:

Anglicanism Family
Churches originating in England that broke with Roman Catholicism during the 16th century Reformation, while retaining a hierarchical structure. Churches in the Anglican family include the Church of England and the Episcopal Church in the United States.
  • Anglican Orthodox Church of North America
  • Apostolic Episcopal Church
  • Episcopal Church
  • Reformed Episcopal Church
For more information on Anglicanism Family, please refer to:

Baptist Family
Baptists are a group of Christian denominations and churches who subscribe to a theology of believer's baptism (as opposed to infant baptism), salvation through faith alone, Scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice, and the autonomy of the local church.
  • American Baptist Association
  • American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A.
  • Baptist Bible Fellowship International
  • Baptist General Conference
  • Baptist Missionary Association of America
  • Conservative Baptist Association of America (CBAmerica)
  • General Association of General Baptists
  • General Association of Regular Baptist Churches
  • General Six-Principle Baptists
  • Independent Baptist Church of America
  • Liberty Baptist Fellowship
  • National Association of Free Will Baptists
  • National Baptist Convention of America
  • National Baptist Convention, U.S.A., Inc.
  • National Primitive Baptist Convention, Inc.
  • North American Baptist Conference
  • Primitive Baptists
  • Progressive National Baptist Convention, Inc.
  • Regular Baptists
  • General Association of Separate Baptists in Christ
  • Seventh Day Baptist General Conference of the United States and Canada
  • Southern Baptist Convention
  • United Baptists
For more information on Baptist Family, please refer to:

Christian Science Family
Churches following the teachings of founder Mary Bake Eddy, who believed that personal healing was the central message of Christianity. The largest group in the Christian Science family is the Church of Christ Scientist.
  • Church of Christ, Scientist
  • Divine Science
For more information on Christian Science Family, please refer to:

Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) Family
One of the three great divisions of Christianity; the others are the Protestant churches and the Roman Catholic Church. The Catholic and Orthodox churches were originally united, but they parted in the eleventh century, when they differed over several points of doctrine, including the supreme authority of the pope, which Orthodox Christians reject.
  • Albanian Orthodox Diocese of America
  • American Carpatho-Russian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church
  • Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America
  • Armenian Apostolic Church of America
  • Armenian Apostolic Church, Diocese of America
  • Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America
  • Holy Eastern Orthodox Catholic and Apostolic Church in North America
  • Holy Orthodox Church in America (Eastern Catholic and Apostolic)
  • Orthodox Church in America
  • Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America
  • Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia
  • Russian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church of America
  • Serbian Eastern Orthodox Church for the U.S.A. and Canada
  • Ukrainian Orthodox Church of America
  • Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the U.S.A.
For more information on Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) Family, please refer to:

Holiness Family
Churches that emerged out of the Methodist churches in the United States as they sought to restore John Wesley's teachings of personal holiness and total sanctification (perfection). Holiness bodies include the Church of the Nazarene and the various Church of God denominations.
  • American Rescue Workers
  • Christian and Missionary Alliance
  • Christian Nation Church U.S.A.
  • Christ's Sanctified Holy Church
  • Church of Christ (Holiness) U.S.A
  • Church of God (Anderson, Indiana)
  • Church of the Gospel
  • Church of the Nazarene
  • Churches of Christ in Christian Union
  • Churches of God, Holiness
  • Evangelical Church of North America
  • Free Methodist Church of North America
  • Missionary Church
  • Salvation Army
  • Triumph the Church and Kingdom of God in Christ
  • Wesleyan Church
For more information on Holiness Family, please refer to:

European Free-Church Family (Brethren, Mennonites, Quakers, Amish)
  • Apostolic Christian Church (Nazarene)
  • Brethren Church (Ashland, Ohio)
  • Brethren in Christ Church
  • Church of God in Christ, Mennonite
  • Church of the Brethren
  • Conservative Mennonite Conference
  • Evangelical Mennonite Brethren Conference
  • Evangelical Mennonite Church
  • Fellowship of Grace Brethren Churches
  • General Conference Mennonite Church
  • Mennonite Brethren Church of North America (Bruedergemeinde)
  • The U.S. Conference of Mennonite Brethren Churches
  • Mennonite Church USA
  • Old German Baptist Brethren Church
  • Reformed Mennonite Church
For more information on European Free-Church Family (Brethren, Mennonites, Quakers, Amish), please refer to:

Independent Fundamentalist Family
Churches that left mainline and evangelical denominations, believing they were too liberal in theology. The Independent Fundamental Churches in America is the largest of these separatist bodies.
  • American Evangelical Christian Churches
  • Berean Fellowship of Churches
  • Christian Brethren (Plymouth Brethren)
  • Grace Gospel Fellowship
  • Independent Fundamental Churches of America
For more information on Independent Fundamentalist Family, please refer to:

Judaism Family
A monotheistic religion based on the Torah, Talmud and other texts that are part of the Old Testament. There are several Jewish denominations, including Orthodox and Reform Judaism.
  • Jewish Congregations
For more on Judaism Family, please refer to:

Latter-day Saint Family (Mormon)
The denominations in this family follow at least some of the teachings of Joseph Smith, Jr., who published the Book of Mormon in 1830. The largest denomination in the family is the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon), founded in 1830 and currently headquartered in Salt Lake City, Utah. The next largest is the Community of Christ (formerly the Reorganized Church of Latter Day Saints), founded in 1860.
  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  • Community of Christ
For more information on Latter-day Saint Family (Mormon), please refer to:

Lutheran Family
Churches following the teachings of reformer Martin Luther, particularly his teaching on justification by faith.
  • American Association of Lutheran Churches
  • Apostolic Lutheran Church of America
  • Association of Free Lutheran Congregations
  • Church of the Lutheran Brethren of America
  • Church of the Lutheran Confession
  • Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
  • Evangelical Lutheran Synod
  • Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Church (Suomi Synod)
  • Latvian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
  • Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod (LCMS)
  • Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod
For more information on Lutheran Family, please refer to:

Methodist-Pietist Family
Consists of churches that stress the importance of internal faith, spirituality, and Christian living over adherence to formal creeds and doctrine. The largest among these churches is the United Methodist Church, which follows the teachings of John Wesley, who in the 18th century broke away from the Church of England because of his emphasis on personal holiness.
  • African Methodist Episcopal Church
  • African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
  • Congregational Methodist Church
  • Evangelical Congregational Church
  • Evangelical Methodist Church
  • Primitive Methodist Church in the U.S.A.
  • Reformed Zion Union Apostolic Church
  • Southern Methodist Church
  • United Methodist Church
For more information on Methodist-Pietist Family, please refer to:

Other Groups
  • American Mohammedian Society
  • American Moslem Brotherhood Association
  • Baha'i Faith
  • Buddhist Churches of America
  • Buddhist Mission of North America
  • Buddhist Society of America
  • Catholic Apostolic Church
  • Christ Community Church (Evangelical-Protestant)
  • Christ Unity Spiritual Science Church
  • Christadelphians
  • Christian Catholic Church
  • Christian Union
  • Church of God as Organized by Christ
  • Church of God, General Assembly
  • Church of God, Reformation Movement
  • Church of Illumination
  • Church of Revelation
  • Churches of God (Greenville, S.C.)
  • Federated Church
  • Hephzibah Faith Missionary Association
  • Liberal Catholic Church (International)
  • Liberal Catholic Church, Province of the United States of America
  • Mayan Temple
  • National Organization of the New Apostolic Church of North America
  • Non-sectarian Bible Faith Churches
  • North American Catholic Church
  • Reformed Catholic Church (Utrecht Confession), Province of North America
  • Rosicrucian Fellowship
  • Self-Realization Fellowship
  • Social Brethren
  • Theosophical Society in America
  • Theosophists, Independent Society of New York
  • Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches
  • Vedanta Society Church
For more information on Other Groups, refer to:

Pentecostal Family
A movement of churches that emerged in early 20th century America, stressing enthusiastic worship and the restoration of such practices evident in New Testament Christianity, such as speaking in tongues and healing.
  • (Original) Church of God
  • Apostolic Faith Mission Church of God
  • Apostolic Faith Mission of Portland, Oregon
  • Apostolic Overcoming Holy Church of God
  • General Council of the Assemblies of God
  • Association of Vineyard Churches
  • Bible Way Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ World Wide, Inc.
  • Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee)
  • Church of God by Faith, Inc.
  • Church of God in Christ
  • Church of God of Prophecy
  • Church of God, Mountain Assembly, Inc.
  • Church of our Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith, Inc.
  • Church of the Living God (Christian Workers for Fellowship)
  • Church of the Living God, the Pillar and Ground of the Truth
  • Church of the Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith
  • Congregational Holiness Church
  • Elim Fellowship
  • International Church of the Foursquare Gospel
  • International Pentecostal Church of Christ
  • Latter House of the Lord for All People and the Church of the Mountain, Apostolic Faith
  • Mount Sinai Holy Church of God
  • National David Spiritual Temple of Christ Church Union (Inc.) U.S.A.
  • Open Bible Standard Churches, Inc.
  • Pentecostal Assemblies of the World
  • Pentecostal Church of God
  • Pentecostal Church of God, National and International
  • Pentecostal Church, Inc.
  • Pentecostal Fire-Baptized Holiness Church
  • Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Church, Inc.
  • United House of Prayer for All People
  • United Pentecostal Church International
  • United Pentecostal Churches of Christ
For more information on Pentecostal Family, please refer to:

Presbyterian-Reformed Family
The Protestant tradition based on the teachings of reformer John Calvin. The Reformed tradition consists both of Presbyterian churches as well as denominations that developed in continental Europe, such as the Dutch and the German Reformed.
  • Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church (General Synod)
  • Bible Presbyterian Church
  • Christian Church
  • Christian Reformed Church in North America
  • Churches of God, General Conference
  • Congregational Christian Churches
  • Conservative Congregational Christian Conference
  • Cumberland Presbyterian Church
  • Cumberland Presbyterian Church in America
  • Evangelical Presbyterian Church
  • Orthodox Presbyterian Church
  • Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)
  • Presbyterian Church in America
  • Protestant Reformed Churches in America
  • Reformed Church in America
  • Reformed Church in the United States
  • Reformed Presbyterian Church in North America, General Synod
  • Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America
  • Reformed Presbyterian Synod
  • United Church of Christ
For more information on Presbyterian-Reformed Family, please refer to:

Spiritualist Family
Churches and other religious associations teaching that believers can communicate with spirits and the deceased through such practices as seances and other paranormal activities. Churches in the Spiritualist tradition include the Swedenborgian Church and the International General Assembly of Spiritualists.
  • General Church of the New Jerusalem
  • International General Assembly of Spiritualists
  • National Spiritual Alliance of the U.S.A.
  • National Spiritualist Association of Churches
  • Progressive Spiritualist Church
  • Swedenborgian Church
For more information on Spiritualist Family, please refer to:

Western Liturgical Family
Western Liturgical Family represented by or originating from the Roman Catholic Church. Such offshoots include the Old Catholic Church and the Polish National Catholic Church, which differ from the Roman Catholic Churchin their rejection of the authority of the pope.
  • Polish National Catholic Church of America
  • Roman Catholic Church
For more information on Western Liturgical Family, please refer to: