House Price Index Technical Documentation
1. What is the value of the FHFA House Price Index (HPI)?
The FHFA House Price Index (HPI) is a broad measure of the movement of singlefamily house prices. It serves as a timely, accurate indicator of house price trends at various geographic levels. It also provides housing economists with an analytical tool that is useful for estimating changes in the rates of mortgage defaults, prepayments and housing affordability in specific geographic areas. The HPI is a measure designed to capture changes in the value of single-family houses in the U.S. as a whole, in various regions and in smaller areas. The HPI is published by the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) using data provided by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. The Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight (OFHEO), one of FHFA's redecessor agencies, began publishing the HPI in the fourth quarter of 1995.