Social Explorer; Eurostat: Technical Documentation
|Data Collection||Info& Legislation|
The most extended annual collection on demography and migration, collecting data at national and regional level for population, births, deaths, immigrants, emigrants, marriages and divorces by a large number of breakdowns. (Art. 3 of Regulation (EU) No 1260/2013 and Regulation (EU) No 862/2007)
Usually Residence Population
Population on 1 January
Eurostat aims at collecting from the EU-27's Member States data on population on 1 January. The recommended definition is the 'usually resident population' and represents the number of inhabitants of a given area on 1January of the year in question (or, in some cases, on 31st December of the previous year). However, the population transmitted by the countries can also be either based on data from the most recent census adjusted by the components of population change produced since the last census, either based on population registers.
Usual residence means the place where a person normally spends the daily period of rest, regardless of temporary absences for purposes of recreation, holidays, visits to friends and relatives, business, medical treatment or religious pilgrimage. The following persons alone are considered to be usually residents of the geographical area in question:
Citizenship denotes the particular legal bond between an individual and his/her State, acquired by birth or naturalization, whether by declaration, choice, marriage or other means according to national legislation.
Country of birth is the country of residence (in its current borders, if the information is available) of the mother at the time of the birth or, in default, the country (in its current borders, if the information is available) in which the birth took place.
Old age dependency ratio is the number of persons of an age when they are conventionally considered economically inactive (aged 65 years and over (1st variant) or 60 years and older (2nd variant) to the number of persons conventionally considered of working age (respectively aged 15-64 (1st variant) or 20-59 years old (2nd variant)).
The total age dependency ratio is the sum of the young and old age dependency ratios.
Median age of population
The age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups, meaning half the people are younger than median age and half are older.
Open-ended age class concept (Y_OPEN code) is a solution for presenting different open-ended age classes for data on population that are reported by the countries.
The open-ended age classes for data on population are the following: 85 and over (+), 90+, 95+, 99+, 100+ with the exceptions:
Open-ended age class contains all the people aged more than the last single age for which a country can report. For example, if a country can provide data on its population by single year of age up to 94 years old, the ''open ended age class'' contains population 95 years old and over.
Statistical unit used is ''person'' as indicated in the online database or deductible from the title of tables.
The available time series collected and published in Eurostat database varies with the population breakdowns, with the longest time series starting in 1960 for national data and 1990 for regional data, and continuing to the latest available reference year.
The completeness of the time series of the demography and migration statistics collected on voluntary basis before the entering into force of the regulations listed in "2.3. Institutional mandate" and of the statistics which continue to be supplied to Eurostat on voluntary basis today depends on the availability of data transmitted by the national statistical institutes.
Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on Community statistics on migration and international protection and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 311/76 on the compilation of statistics on foreign workers.
Commission Regulation (EU) No 351/2010 of implementing Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 on Community statistics on migration and international protection as regards the definitions of the categories of the groups of country of birth, groups of country of previous usual residence, groups of country of next usual residence and groups of citizenship.
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European demographic statistics.
Commission Regulation (EU) No 31/2011 of 17 January 2011 amending annexes to Regulation (EC) No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the establishment of a common classification of territorial units for statistics (NUTS) (legislation reflects NUTS-2010 classification currently available).
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1046/2012 on implementing Regulation (EC) No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the establishment of a common classification of territorial units for statistics (NUTS), as regards the transmission of the time series for the new regional breakdown. (legislation refers to HTS NUTS-2010 classification currently available).
Commission Regulation (EU) No 868/2014 amending the annexes to Regulation (EC) No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the establishment of a common classification of territorial units for statistics (NUTS). (legislation reflects NUTS-2013 classification currently in force; to be applied March 2016).
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1319/2013 of 9 December 2013 amending annexes to Regulation (EC) No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the establishment of a common classification of territorial units for statistics (NUTS). (legislation reflects NUTS-2013 classification currently in force; to be applied March 2016)
Data collected on voluntary basis are:
Summary of mandatory and voluntary population data collected by Eurostat:
|Population by:||< 2008||2008-2013||>2014|
|age, sex, region||voluntary||voluntary||mandatory|
|5 year age group, sex, country group of CTZ/group of COB||voluntary||mandatory||mandatory|
|5 year age group, sex, single CTZ/ single COB||voluntary||voluntary||voluntary|
|age, sex, group of CTZ/group of COB||voluntary||mandatory||mandatory|
|5 year age group, sex, single CTZ/single COB||voluntary||voluntary||voluntary|
|group of CTZ, group of COB||voluntary||voluntary||voluntary|
|age, sex, legal marital status, education||voluntary||voluntary||voluntary|
- group of CTZ= group of citizenship: nationals/non-nationals/unknown
- country group of CTZ= country group of citizenship: reporting, EFTA, candidate countries, stateless, etc.
- group of COB= group of country of birth: native born/foreign born/unknown
- ''mandatory'' refers only to the Member States and EFTA countries.
According to Art. 12 of the Regulation (EC) No 862/2007, "starting August 2012 and every three years thereafter, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and the Council on the statistics compiled pursuant to this Regulation and on their quality".
Therefore, information about overall assessment of data quality procedures carried out by Eurostat on the implementation of Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 on Community Statistics on Migration and International Protection is comprised in the Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council, from 30.7.2015. This report documents the degree of progress that has been made by Member States, together with the Commission (Eurostat), in the implementation of the Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 since the first report.
In addition, Art 11 of Regulation (EU) No 1260/2013 states that Commission shall also submit reports on its implementation, to the European Parliament and the Council as follows:
- first report by 31 December 2018
- second report by 31 December 2023
These reports are to evaluate quality of data transmitted by Member States and EFTA countries and data collection methods used and, if appropriate, should be accompanied by proposals designed for future improvement of legal framework for population and vital events statistics under this Regulation.
The recommended definition of the population, in line with the Regulation 1260/2013, is the 'usually resident population' and means all the persons having their usual residence in a Member State at the reference time. Where the circumstances described above cannot be established, 'usual residence' can be taken to mean the place of legal or registered residence.
|Definition of Population|
|Usual Residence||Legal Residence||Registered Residence|
BG, CZ*, CY, DE, EE, EL, ES, FI, FR, HR, HU, IT, IE, IT, LV, LT, LU, MT NO, PL, PT, RO, SI, SK**, UK,
* for non-nationals
** permanent residence
||AT, BE, CZ, DK, DE, IS, ES, NL, SE
(table above is based on population 1 January 2014 reference year)
The population data for the year 2011 and after take into account the results of the latest population census (held in 2011). The time series of populations between the previous census and 2011 was revised by end 2013 by some of the countries, taking into account Eurostat’s recommendation.
Over time there have been geographical changes for certain countries:
Controls are carried out on raw data transmitted by the NSIs to check if the total of a variable is consistent with the breakdown by different variables. Consistencies between different breakdowns of the same variable are verified by cross validations.
Based on the detailed collected data, Eurostat is computing a series of demographic statistics. The regular calculated demographic indicators are further submitted to several validations concerning the most updated annual value but also the available time series. These validations include checking on the plausibility of the most updated annual value and on two consecutive annual values. Mathematical verifications using standard deviation and weighted average are applied, for example for breakdowns of the life expectancy by educational attainment.
For more information on data validation see: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/data/data-validation .