Sources and Structure of Family Income (Volume II, Part IV - Subject Reports)
This report provides detailed cross-classifications of data from the 1960 Census on the Income In 1959 of families and persons by their social and economic characteristics, for the United States, regions, and type of residence. The statistics are based on a 5-percent sample of the population enumerated in the Eighteenth Decennial Census of Population, taken as of April 1, 1960. Major emphasis is placed on the composition of family income and the major sources of this income, i.e., wages and salaries, self-employment, and other income. The tables for person's present information on the contribution to family income of the head, wife, children, and older family members and show mean incomes for occupation groupings cross-classified by industry groupings, color, and sex. A table is included comparing wage or salary income distributions for 1939, 1949, and 1959.
Basic distributions of Income In 1959 of families, unrelated individuals, and persons 14 years old and over, from a 25-percent sample, for the United States, each of the States, the District of Columbia, counties, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Urbanized Areas, and urban places of 10,000 or more are presented in chapter C of Parts 1 through 52 of 1960 Census of Population, Volume I, Characteristics of the Population. Statistics on Income In 1959 by detailed characteristics, including cross-classifications by age, weeks worked, education, type of family, etc., may be found in chapter D of Volume I for the United States, regions, divisions, States and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas and counties of 250,000 or more. Similar statistics for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico are presented in Part 53 of Volume I, and less detailed statistics for other outlying areas in Parts 54through 57. Statistics on family Income In 1959 for individual tracts appear in Series PHC(1), Census Tracts, for each of 180 tracted areas in the United States and Puerto Rico.
Data on the income of families in which the head or the wife was 65 years old and over, and on the income of persons 65 years old and over, classified by a number of characteristics, are presented for the United States, each of the States, the District of Columbia, and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas of 250,000 or more in Series PC(2)-8B, Income of the Elderly Population. Statistics on earnings in 1959 of males 18 to 61 years old, cross-classified by educational attainment and color, in selected occupations, for the United States, the South, and the other three regions combined, are published in Series PC(2)-7B, Occupation by Earnings and Education. Several of the other reports in Series PC(2) and PC(3) contain additional information on income of families and persons.
Statistics of Income In 1959 of primary families or individuals by housing and household characteristics, such as tenure, household composition, condition and plumbing facilities, and gross rent and value, are presented in 1960 Census of Housing, Volume II, Metropolitan Housing, for the United States by geographic divisions and for each standard metropolitan statistical area and place of 100,000 inhabitants or more. Additional data on income cross-tabulated by housing and household subjects are presented in 1960 Census of Housing, Volume V, Part 1, Residential Finance-Homeowner Properties; Volume VI, Rural Housing; and Volume VII, Housing of Senior Citizens.
No special 1950 Census report dealing exclusively with income data was published. Basic distributions of income in 1949 of families, unrelated individuals, and persons 14 years old and over, for the United States, each of the States, the District of Columbia, counties, standard metropolitan areas, Urbanized Areas, and urban places of 10,000 or more have been published in Volume II of the 1950 Census of Population. Data on the income of families, by family type and age of head, and of unrelated individuals, by type, age, and sex, for the United States, urban and rural, appear in the 1950 Census report, Volume IV, Special Reports, Part 2, chapter A, General Characteristics of Families. Additional information on income cross-classified by various subjects was presented in other reports in Volume IV.
Data on wage and salary income in 1939 for families classified by a number of characteristics may be found in the 1940 Census report, Families: family Wage or Salary Income in 1939, for the United States, regions, and cities of 1,000,000 or more. Data on wage or salary income for persons, by sex, appear in the report, The Labor Force: Wage or Salary Income in 1939, for the United States, regions, States, and cities of 250,000 or more. Additional wage or salary income statistics appear in a number of other 1940 Census reports.
Each year since 1945, the Current Population Survey (CPS) conducted by the Bureau of the Census has provided national estimates of the income of families, unrelated individuals, and persons years old and over cross-classified by a number of characteristics (see Current Population Reports, Series P-60). The income statistics provided by the CPS are, in general, designed to be comparable with the decennial census statistics. The actual comparability of the statistics is discussed in the section below on "Income in 1959".
The data shown in the present report represent the full detail printed out by the computer system.
The detail shown here for the United States was tabulated separately for each State and was stored on magnetic tape but not printed out. Requests for these unpublished data, giving a specific description of the figures desired, may be made by writing to the Chief, Population Division, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C., 20233. Inquiries concerning unpublished data should be transmitted to the Bureau as soon as possible because tape files are not maintained indefinitely.