Labor Reserves (Volume II, Part VI - Subject Reports)
This report presents detailed, national statistics on various social and economic characteristics of members of the labor reserve. The labor reserve is defined here as consisting of persons who have had work experience within the past 10 years, any time between 1950 and 1960, and were neither employed nor unemployed at the time of the census. These statistics are based on a 5-percent sample of the population enumerated in the Eighteenth Decennial Census of Population, taken as of April 1, 1960.
To describe the demographic and social characteristics of members of the labor reserve, data are presented on such personal characteristics as age, color, sex, residence in 1955, school enrollment, educational attainment, marital status, household relationship, the number and age of own children, and the number of children ever born to women ever married. To describe the labor reserve as a potential manpower resource and to present an inventory of skills, data relating to most recent work experience are shown for occupation, industry, class of worker, and year last worked. Data on income other than earnings in 1959 are also presented. Some of the statistics are shown separately for the rural-farm population.
Data on the labor reserve, based on a 25-percent sample, are presented for individual States and for the United States in chapter D of 1960 Census of Population, Volume I, Characteristics of the Population. Part I of Volume I presents data for the United States as a whole, and the remainder of the volume is divided into a part for each State and for the outlying areas. Chapter D contains the data originally published in the separate paper-bound series of PC(1)-D reports.
In chapter D of Volume I, data for the labor reserve are presented for the Nation as a whole, and for each State, each standard metropolitan statistical area of 100,000 or more, and each county of 250,000 or more. Characteristics of members of the labor reserve shown in Volume I are age, color, sex, last occupation, and year last worked. The present report provides additional cross-classifications of data and greater detail than that presented in Volume I.
Several of the Volume II reports-also designated as Series PC(2)-contain data for the labor reserve. The report PC(2)-7A, Occupational Characteristics, contains national data for the labor reserve on last occupation, year last worked, and age. Statistics on persons whose last occupation was that of a teacher are presented in the report PC(2)-7D, Characteristics of Teachers.
Other PC(2) reports also present data on the labor reserve, in relation to the main subject of the report. Subjects covered in these reports are families, professional workers, inmates of institutions, and women by number of children ever born.
Data on the labor reserve from the 1950 Census or any prior censuses are not available, because basic information (year last worked) necessary in classifying persons to the labor reserve was not collected prior to the 1960 Census.
The demographic data presented in tables 1 to 7 of this report can also be obtained on a reimbursable basis for States and regions, and by type of residence, i.e., urban, rural nonfarm, and rural farm. Tables 8 to 17 covering economic data can also be obtained on a reimbursable basis for regions. Requests for these data, giving a specific description of the figures desired, may be made by writing to the Chief, Population Division, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C., 20233. Inquiries concerning unpublished data should be transmitted to the Bureau as soon as possible because tape files are not maintained indefinitely.