This report presents detailed national statistics on the social and economic characteristics of the civilian male veteran population 14 years old and over. These statistics are based on a 5-percent sample of the population enumerated in the eighteenth Decennial Census of Population, taken as of April 1, 1960, and derived from tabulations prepared at the request and expense of the Veterans Administration. The tabulations on which materials in this report are based were designed by the Veterans Administration in order to provide data relating to a wide variety of specific administrative issues.
Data are included on mobility status, Years of School Completed, marital status, family characteristics and relationship, employment status, Weeks Worked In 1959, major occupation group, Income In 1959, and tenure and value of housing unit. Generally, separate statistics are presented for war veterans and veterans of peacetime service and for total and non-white veterans. Although most of the data presented relate to the United States as a whole, some information is provided for the urban and rural parts of the country.
Table 1 presents data on veterans by single years of age by period of service. It is followed by a group of tables (tables 2 to 4) presenting data on migration. Tables 5 to 8 present statistics on marital status, families, and various labor force characteristics. The major part of the report is concerned with data on personal income and the income of families headed by veterans, cross-classified by a variety of relevant characteristics (tables 9 to 18). Table 19 presents data on value of owner-occupied housing units cross-classified by family income for families headed by veterans and by male nonveterans.
Statistics on the civilian male veteran population 14 years old and over classified by period of service, based on the 25-percent sample tabulations for the United States, regions, divisions, States, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, urbanized areas, urban places of 10,000 inhabitants or more, and counties, have been published in chapter C of the 57 parts of the 1960 Census of Population, Volume I, Characteristics of the Population. More detailed data on the social and economic characteristics of the civilian male veteran population years old and over for the United States, regions, divisions, and States have been published in chapter D of the 1960 Census of Population, Volume I, Characteristics of the Population. Information on the mobility status and type of mobility of civilian male war veterans by region, division, and State of 1960 residence, cross-classified by region, division, and State of Residence In 1955, appears in the final report PC(2)-2B, Mobility for States and State Economic Areas. In the final report PC(2)-8A, Inmates of Institutions, information on inmates who are veterans is shown by period of service, age, color, and selected Type of Institution for the United States. Statistics on the mortgage characteristics of homes owned by veterans, classified by period of service, appear in 1960 Census of Housing, Volume V, Residential Finance, Part I, Homeowner Properties.
Although data on Veteran Status were collected in a number of decennial censuses prior to 1960, no statistics have appeared in the publications of the more recent censuses. In the census of 1890, a special volume was issued giving the name, age, and place of residence of pensioners of the Revolutionary War or other U.S. military service, but other veterans were not identified. An inquiry on Veteran Status was undertaken in the Census of 1890, and statistics on veterans of the Union and Confederate Armies were published.
Data on veterans of World War II for the United States as a whole have been collected regularly in the Current Population Survey. Selected statistics on the income of World War II veterans 25 to 44 years old were published in the annual surveys of income covering the years 1947 through 1961 in Current Population Reports, Series P-60. Similarly, data on the employment status of veterans of World War II were published in the publication Employment and Earnings of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Publication of these data, however, was discontinued with the April 1963 issue.
Estimates of veteran population by county are published periodically by the Research Statistics Service, Office of Controller, Veterans Administration. Research monograph 7, County Veteran Population, June 1960, presents the estimated veteran population of counties by period of service as of June 30, 1960. Similar data as of June 30, 1963, appear in Research Monograph 8.
Most of the statistics presented in this report are derived from the 5-percent veterans file established for the preparation of the special tabulations for the Veterans Administration. A forthcoming report of the Veterans Administration will include statistics similar to those which appear in the present report and others in greater detail, such as income of veterans cross-classified by income of wife, and will also provide State data. Some of the material will not appear in either report in as great detail as was tabulated. These statistics, in General, relate to the States and their urban and rural parts and to nonwhite veterans. Requests for special tabulations, giving a specific description of the figures desired, may be made in writing to the Chief, Population Division, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C., 20233. Inquiries concerning special tabulations should be transmitted to the Bureau as soon as possible because the tape files are not retained indefinitely.