Socioeconomic Status (Volume II, Part V - Subject Reports)
This report presents detailed statistics on the relationship of socioeconomic status to selected demographic, social, economic, and housing characteristics of the population. Two summary socioeconomic measures developed in connection with the 1960 Census program are used: (1) A multiple-item socioeconomic status score, and (2) a status consistency type, which is designed to indicate whether the components of the multiple-item score (occupation, educational attainment, and level of family income) are at about the same or different levels. The data are based on a 5-percent sample of the population.
A detailed discussion of the methodology of the socioeconomic measures used in this report as well as sources and statistical components of the measures and considerations involved in the choice of procedures is included in Bureau of the Census Working Paper No. 15, Methodology and Scores of Socioeconomic Status. The first application of this methodology was made in "Socioeconomic Characteristics of the Population: 1960, Technical Studies, Current Population Reports, Series P-23, No. 12.
Chapters C and D of 1960 Census of Population, Volume I, Characteristics of the Population, provide statistics based on a 25-percent sample tabulation on education, occupation, and income of the population. Additional statistics interrelating these subjects are included in 1960 Census of Population, Volume II, Subject Reports: 4B, Persons by Family Characteristics; 4C, Sources and Structure of Family Income; 5B, Educational Attainment; 7A, Occupational Characteristics; and 7B, Occupation by Earnings and Education.
All data from the 5-percent sample shown for the United States in this report can be obtained, at cost of photocopying the computer display, for the four regions by residence (in standard metropolitan statistical areas, in central cities of SMSA's, in rings of SMSA's, and not in SMSA's), but are not available by States or specific SMSA's. In addition, the 1/1,000 national sample, available on reels of magnetic tape or sets of punch cards, and the 1/10,000 national sample, available only on punch cards, are coded for socioeconomic status scores and status consistency types.
Requests for these unpublished data, giving a specific description of the figures desired, may be made by writing to the Chief, Population Division, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Inquiries concerning unpublished data should be transmitted to the Bureau as soon as possible because files are not maintained indefinitely.