The occupation information collected in the 1960 Census was derived from answers to the question, "What kind of work was he doing?" Information on occupation was collected for persons who have worked at some time since 1950. For an employed person, the information referred to the job he held during the reference week. If he was employed at two or more jobs, the job at which he worked the greatest number of hours during the reference week was reported. For an experienced unemployed person, the information referred to the last job that he had held since 1950.
The occupational classification system developed for the 1960 Census of Population consists of items, 297 of which are specific occupation categories and the remainder, are sub-groupings (mainly on the basis of industry) of 13 of the occupation categories. The composition of the 297 specific categories is shown in the publication, U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1960 Census of Population, Classified Index of Occupations and Industries, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1960. Occupation data are presented in this report for major occupation groups and for selected occupations. A listing of the occupations for which data are shown is given below:
Professional, Technical, and Kindred Workers
Accountants and auditors
Artists and art teachers
College presidents and deans
College professors and instructors
Designers and draftsmen
Editors and reporters
Engineers, technical; Includes chemical, industrial, metallurgical and metallurgists, and mining, not shown separately.
Lawyers and judges
Musicians and music teachers
Natural scientists: Includes miscellaneous natural scientists, not shown separately.
Geologists and geophysicists
Physicians and surgeons
Social scientists: Includes miscellaneous social scientist not shown separately.
Statisticians and actuaries
Teachers: Includes teachers (n.e.c.), not shown separately
Technicians: Includes technicians (n.e.c.), not shown separately
Medical and dental
Electrical and electronic
Other engineering and physical sciences
All other professional, technical, and kindred workers: eludes actors; airplane pilots and navigators; architects; athletes; authors; chiropractors; dancers and dancing teachers; dietitians and nutritionists; entertainers; farm and home management advisors; foresters and conservationists; funeral directors and embalmers; librarians; nurses (professional and students); optometrists; osteopaths; personnel and labor relations workers; pharmacists; photographers; public relations men and publicity writers; radio operators; recreation and group workers; religious workers; social and welfare writers, except group; sports instructors and officials; surveyors; therapists and healers; and veterinarians.
Farmers and Farm Managers
Includes owner operators, tenant fanners, and share croppers.
Managers, Officials, and Proprietors, Except Farm
Buyers and department heads, store
Inspectors, public administration
Officials and administrators (n.e.c,), public administration
Other specified managers, officials, and proprietors, except farm: Includes buyers and shippers (farm products); railroad conductors; credit men; store floormen and floor managers; building managers and superintendents; ship officers, pilots, pursers, and engineers; lodge, society, and union officials; postmasters; and purchasing agents and buyers.
Managers, officials, and proprietors (n.e.c.)
Clerical and Kindred Workers
Office machine operators
Shipping and receiving clerks
All other clerical and kindred workers: Includes agents; library attendants and assistants; physician's and dentist's office attendants; baggagemen; cashiers; collectors; dispatchers and starters of vehicles; express messengers and railway mail clerks; file clerks; insurance adjusters, examiners, and investigators; messengers and office boys; payroll and timekeeping clerks; receptionists; secretaries; stenographers; stock clerks and storekeepers; telegraph messenger!; telegraph operators; telephone operators; ticket, station, and express agents; and typists.
Insurance agents, brokers, and underwriters
Real estate agents and brokers
Other specified sales workers: Includes advertising agents and salesmen; auctioneers; demonstrators; hucksters and peddler, newsboys; and stock and bond salesmen.
Salesmen and sales clerks (n.e.c.)
Craftsmen, Foremen, and Kindred Workers
Brickmasons, stonemasons, and tile setters
Cement and concrete finishers
Compositors and Typesetters Electricians Foremen (n.e.c.)
Linemen and servicemen, telegraph, telephone, and power
Mechanics and Repairmen: Includes repairers of air conditioning, heating, and refrigeration equipment; office machines; and railroad and railroad car shops; not shown separately.
Radio and television
Painters, construction and maintenance
Plumbers and pipe fitters
Toolmakers, and die makers and setters
Other construction craftsmen: Includes excavating, grading, and road machinery operators; paperhangers; roofers and slaters; and structural metal workers.
Other metal craftsmen: Includes blacksmiths; boilermakers; forgemen and hammermen; heat treaters, annealers, and temperers; job setters; millwrights; molders; pattern and model nakers (except paper); rollers and roll hands; and tinsmiths, coppersmiths, and sheet metal workers.
Other printing craftsmen: Includes bookbinders; electrotypers and stereotypers; engravers; photoengravers; lithographers; and pressmen and plate printers.
All other craftsmen, foremen, and kindred workers: Includes bakers; cabinetmakers; cranemen, derrickmen, and hoistmen; decorators and window dressers; furriers; glaziers; inspectors; jewelers, watchmakers, goldsmiths, and silversmiths; locomotive firemen; loom fixers; millers; motion picture projectionists; opticians, and lens grinders and polishers; piano and organ tuners and repairmen; shoemakers and repairers (except in factories); stationary engineers; stone cutters and stone carvers; tailors; upholsterers; and former members of the Armed Forces.
Operatives and Kindred Workers
Mine operatives and laborers (n.e.c.)
Truck and tractor drivers
Other specified operatives and kindred workers: Includes apprentices; asbestos and insulation workers; assemblers; auto service and parking attendants; blasters and powdermen; boatmen, canalmen, and lock keepers; railroad brakemen; surveying chainmen, rodmen, and axmen; checkers, examiners, and inspectors in manufacturing; bus and street railway conductors; de- liverymen and routemen; dressmakers and seamstresses (except In factories); dyers; metal filers, grinders, and polishers; fruit, nut, and vegetable graders and packers (except in factories); furnacemen, smeltermen, and pourers; graders and sorters in manufacturing; metal heaters; textile knitters, loopers, and toppers; laundry and dry cleaning operatives; meat cutters (except slaughter and packing houses); milliners; motormen; oilers and greasers (except auto); packers and wrappers; painters (except construction and maintenance); photographic process workers; power station operators; sailors and deck hands; sawyers; sewers and stitchers in manufacturing; textile spinners; stationary firemen; railroad switchmen; taxicab drivers and chauffeurs; textile weavers; and welders and flame cutters.
Operatives and kindred workers (n.e.c.)
Service Workers, Including Private Household Barbers
Protective service workers: Includes guards, watchmen, and doorkeepers; marshals and constables; sheriffs and bailiffs; and bridge tenders; not shown separately. Firemen, fire protection Policemen and detectives
other service workers, including private household: Includes baby sitters; housekeepers; laundresses in private households; attendants; bartenders; boarding and lodging housekeepers; bootblacks; chambermaids and maids; charwomen and cleaners; cooks; counter and fountain workers; elevator operators; hairdressers and cosmetologists; stewards; janitors and sextons; kitchen workers; midwives; porters; practical nurses; ushers; and waiters.
Farm Laborers and Foremen
Farm laborers, wage workers
All other farm laborers and foremen: Includes farm foremen; unpaid family farm laborers; and self-employed farm service laborers.
Laborers, Except Farm and Mine
Includes carpenters' helpers; fishermen and oystermen; garage laborers; car washers and greasers; gardeners; longshoremen and stevedores; lumbermen, raftsmen, and wood choppers; teamsters; truck drivers' helpers; and warehousemen.
Occupation Not Reported
Note: The abbreviation "n.e.c." used in the tables means "not elsewhere classified."