Data Dictionary: Census 1870
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Survey: Census 1870
Data Source: Digitally transcribed by Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. Edited, verified by Michael Haines. Compiled, edited and verified by Social Explorer.
Data set: Social Explorer Dataset (SE)
Dataset Description
Social Explorer Dataset
Documentation

Full survey documentation is available here.

Notes
  • In 1870, the following counties do not contain any population counts:Gladwin, MI, Montmorency, MI, Otsego, MI, Roscommon, MI, Schoolcraft, MI, Osceola, IA, Lincoln, MN, Polk, MN, Jones, NE, Archer, TX, Baylor, TX, Callahan, TX, Clay, TX, Concho, TX, Edwards, TX, Hardeman, TX, Haskell, TX, Jones, TX, Knox, TX, Palo Pinto, TX, Runnels, TX, Taylor, TX, Throckmorton, TX, Wichita, TX, Wilbarger, TX, Baltimore City, MD, and Pah Ute, NV. Only a few counties contain value of manufacture output or value of property.
Tables
Social Explorer Dataset  (59 tables)
Table Title
T1 Total Population
A1 Population Density
A2 Area (square miles)
T2 Urban Population (Places of 2,500 and over)
T3 Urban Population (Cities of 25,000 and over)
T4 Sex
T5 Selected Age Groups
T6 Male Citizens 21 And Over
T7 Race
T8 Nativity
T9 Parentage
T10 Parentage (Population With Foreign Born Parents)
T11 Place of Birth (Native Born Population)
T12 Migration (Native Born Population)
T13 Place of Birth (Foreign Born Population)
T14 Place of Birth By Nativity
T15 School Attendance
T16 School Attendance By Nativity
T17 School Attendance By Race
T18 School Attendance By Race
T19 School Attendance By Sex (White Population)
T20 School Attendance By Sex (Colored Population)
T21 Literacy
T22 Literacy By Nativity (Population Who Cannot Write)
T23 Literacy By Race By Sex By Age (Population Who Cannot Write)
T24 Literacy By Race (Population Who Cannot Write Age 21+)
T25 Literacy By Sex By Age (White Population Who Cannot Write Age 10+)
T26 Literacy By Sex By Age (Colored Population Who Cannot Write Age 10+)
T27 Literacy By Age (White Male Population Who Cannot Write Age 10+)
T28 Literacy By Age (White Female Population Who Cannot Write Age 10+)
T29 Literacy By Age (Colored Male Population Who Cannot Write Age 10+)
T30 Literacy By Age (Colored Female Population Who Cannot Write Age 10+)
T31 Number of Farms
T32 Number of Farms By Acreage
T33 Improved/Unimproved Acres of Farmland
T34 Improved/Unimproved Acres of Farmland and Other Land
T35 Value of Farm
T36 Value of Farm Equipment
T37 Farm Cost of Labor
T38 Value of Farms
T39 Value of Farm Output
T40 Number of Manufacturing Establishments
T41 Persons Employed in Manufacturing
T42 Manufacturing Expenditures
T43 Value of Real And Personal Estate
T44 Amount of Non-National Taxes
T45 Total public Debts (Aggregate County's and it's Municipalities' Debts)
T46 Religious Organizations By Faith
T47 Sittings By Faith
T48 Number of Building Structures of All Denominations
T49 Denomination Property Value
T50 Average Value of Denominational Properties
T51 Value of Products in Manufacturing
T52 Total Capital Invested in Manufacturing
T53 Total Value of Raw Materials in Manufacturing
T54 Total Annual Wages Paid in Manufactuing
T55 Assessed Value of Real And Personal Estate
T56 True Value of Real And Personal Estate
Notes:
  • In 1870, the following counties do not contain any population counts:Gladwin, MI, Montmorency, MI, Otsego, MI, Roscommon, MI, Schoolcraft, MI, Osceola, IA, Lincoln, MN, Polk, MN, Jones, NE, Archer, TX, Baylor, TX, Callahan, TX, Clay, TX, Concho, TX, Edwards, TX, Hardeman, TX, Haskell, TX, Jones, TX, Knox, TX, Palo Pinto, TX, Runnels, TX, Taylor, TX, Throckmorton, TX, Wichita, TX, Wilbarger, TX, Baltimore City, MD, and Pah Ute, NV. Only a few counties contain value of manufacture output or value of property.