Data Dictionary: Census 1990
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Survey: Census 1990
Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Table: P31. Language Spoken At Home [27]
Universe: Persons 5 years and over
Table Details
P31. Language Spoken At Home
Universe: Persons 5 years and over
Variable Label
P031_001
P031_002
P031_003
P031_004
P031_005
P031_006
P031_007
P031_008
P031_009
P031_010
P031_011
P031_012
P031_013
P031_014
P031_015
P031_016
P031_017
P031_018
P031_019
P031_020
P031_021
P031_022
P031_023
P031_024
P031_025
P031_026
P031_027
Relevant Documentation:
Excerpt from: Social Explorer, U.S. Census Bureau; Census of Population and Housing, 1990: Summary Tape File 3 on CD-ROM [machine-readable data files] / prepared by the Bureau of the Census. Washington: The Bureau [producer and distributor], 1991.
 
Household Language
In households where one or more persons (age 5 years old or over) speak a language other than English, the household language assigned to all household members is the non-English language spoken by the first person with a non-English language in the following order:

householder, spouse, parent, sibling, child, grandchild, other relative, stepchild, unmarried partner, housemate or roommate, roomer, boarder, or foster child, or other nonrelative. Thus, persons who speak only English may have a non-English household language assigned to them in tabulations of persons by household language.

Figure 1. Four- and Twenty-Five-Group Classifications of 1990 Census Languages Spoken at Home with Illustrative Examples
Four-Group Classification Twenty-Five-Group Classification Examples
Spanish Other Indo-European Spanish Spanish, Ladino
  French French, Cajun,French Creole
  Italian  
  Portuguese  
  German  
  Yiddish  
  Other West Afrikaans, Dutch,
  Germanic Pennsylvania Dutch
  Scandanavian Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
  Polish  
  Russian  
  South Slavic Serbocroatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Slovene
  Other Slavic Czech, Slovak, Ukranian
  Greek  
  Indic Hindi, Bengali, Gujarathi, Punjabi, Romany, Sinhalese
  Other Indo European, Armenian, Gaelic,
  not elsewhere classified Lithuanian, Persian
Languages of Asia and the Pacific Chinese  
  Japanese  
  Mon-Khmer Cambodian
  Tagalog  
  Korean  
  Vietnamese  
  Other languages Chamorro, Dravidian
  (part) Languages, Hawaiian,
    Ilocano, Thai, Turkish
All other languages Arabic  
  Hungarian  
  Native North  
  American languages  
  Other languages Amharic, Syriac,
  (part) Finnish, Hebrew,
    Languages of
    Central and South
    America, Other
    Languages of Africa