Data Dictionary: Census 1970
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Survey: Census 1970
Data Source: Social Explorer & U.S. Census Bureau
Table: T65. Occupation [55]
Universe: Count of Employed Persons 16 Years Old and Over
Table Details
T65. Occupation
Universe: Count of Employed Persons 16 Years Old and Over
Variable Label
T065_001
T065_002
T065_003
T065_004
T065_005
T065_006
T065_007
T065_008
T065_009
T065_010
T065_011
T065_012
T065_013
T065_014
T065_015
T065_016
T065_017
T065_018
T065_019
T065_020
T065_021
T065_022
T065_023
T065_024
T065_025
T065_026
T065_027
T065_028
T065_029
T065_030
T065_031
T065_032
T065_033
T065_034
T065_035
T065_036
T065_037
T065_038
T065_039
T065_040
T065_041
T065_042
T065_043
T065_044
T065_045
T065_046
T065_047
T065_048
T065_049
T065_050
T065_051
T065_052
T065_053
T065_054
T065_055
Relevant Documentation:
Excerpt from: Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau; 1970 Census Users’ Guide; U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1970.
 
Work patterns: occupation, industry, and related concepts
Occupation
Ascertained for persons 14 years of age and over in the experienced civilian labor force or in the labor reserve. Employed persons were to report the occupation at which they worked the most hours during the reference week. The experienced unemployed and persons in the labor reserve were to report their last occupation. (Excludes the small number of experienced unemployed persons who last worked more than 10 years ago).

In 1960, respondents were asked to describe what kind of work they were doing, for example, 8th grade English teacher, farmer, grocery checker, etc. In 1970, respondents were asked to give this information and, in addition, to specify their most important activities on duties on the job, such as types, cleans building, sells cars, etc., and to indicate their job title. This additional information was requested so that occupation can be coded more accurately.

Information supplied by respondents is assigned an occupation code by clerks. In 1960, there were 11 major occupation groups and an occupation not reported category (listed below). The major occupation groups were divided into 494 items: 297 specific occupations and 197 subcategories which were mainly industry distributions of 13 specific occupations. Tabulations which present the complete range of specific occupations and subcategories are referred to as detailed occupation tabulations. Other tabulations present intermediate levels of classification, combining specific occupations and subcategories into broader groupings.

The occupation classification scheme employed in 1960 is fully described in Bureau of the Census, 1960 Census of Population, Classified Index of Occupations and Industries, available from the Superintendent of Documents.