Data Dictionary: Census 1970
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Survey: Census 1970
Data Source: Social Explorer & U.S. Census Bureau
Universe: Count of Spanish Unrelated Individuals 14 Years Old and Over
Variable Details
T97. Poverty Status Of Spanish Unrelated Individuals Age 14+
Universe: Count of Spanish Unrelated Individuals 14 Years Old and Over
Aggregation method:
Addition
Formula used to compute this variable:
Return_Value = ORG:PH089001 + ORG:PH089002
Variables used in the formula:
Spanish: Persons 14+: Above poverty level: Under 65 years old
Spanish: Persons 14+: Above poverty level: 65 years old and over
Relevant Documentation:
Excerpt from: Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau; 1970 Census Users’ Guide; U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1970.
 
Poverty level
Not ascertained in 1960. In 1970, families and unrelated individuals (excluding college students in dormitories and Armed Forces personnel in barracks) are classified as being above or below the poverty level, using the poverty index adopted by a Federal Interagency Committee in 1969. This index takes into account such factors as family size, number of children, and farm-nonfarm residence, as well as the amount of money income. The poverty level is based on an economy food plan designed by the Department of Agriculture for emergency or temporary use when funds are low. The definition assumes that a family is classified as poor if its total money income amounts to less than approximately three times the cost of the economy food plan. These cutoff levels are updated every year to reflect changes in the Consumer Price Index.
In 1970, percent below poverty level is calculated as the proportion of the total universe which reports income below the poverty level: for example, below poverty level families as a percent of all families.

Excerpt from: Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau; 1970 Census Users’ Guide; U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1970.
 
Family/unrelated individual status
All persons enumerated are classified as family members, unrelated individuals, or inmates of institutions.

Family
Two or more persons living in same household who are related by blood, marriage, or adoption. (No families are recognized in group quarters. ) All persons living in a household related to each other are regarded as one family. For instance, a son of the head and his wife living in the household are treated as part of the heads family.

The number of families does not necessarily equal the number of households, since not all households include families. Families are classified in the complete-count basic records by family size or number of persons in a family from 2 persons to 35 persons. Average number of persons per family is calculated.

Family (primary)
Family whose head is also the household head. In 1970, primary families are simply termed families.

Subfamily
Married couple with or without own children, or one parent with one or more own children (parent-child group), living in a housing unit and related to the household head, but excluding the head (for example, a son, his wife and children, living with the household head). Since subfamily members are counted as part of the heads (primary) family, too, the number of subfamilies is not included in the count of families per seer in any tabulations for families. Census basic records include categories of sub-families by family type.

Secondary family
In 1960, a family in a household whose head was not related to the household head. In 1970, secondary families are not recognized (since there are so few); persons formerly classed as secondary family members are classed as secondary individuals.

Unrelated individual
Persons not living with relatives, but living in a household entirely alone or with one or more persons not related to him, or living in group quarters (excepting inmates of institutions).

Primary individual
Household head living alone or with nonrelatives only. The number of primary individuals living alone equals the number of one-person households.

Secondary individual
Unrelated individual who is not a household head or who lives in group quarters (excepting inmates of institutions).

Excerpt from: Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau; 1970 Census Users’ Guide; U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1970.
 
Spanish-American population
In the 1960 census, selected tabulations were prepared for the Puerto Rican population in areas outside the five Southwestern States where Spanish surname population was identified.

In the 1970 census, the Spanish-American population is defined differently according to the sample a person is enumerated in and his State of residence. All tabulations except those for 5-percent data are based upon a 15-percent sample, defined as follows:

a. In New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, persons of Puerto Rican stock , (See 61.131 above).

b. In the five southwestern States (Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas), persons of Spanish language (see 67.1 below) or persons not of Spanish language but of Spanish surname identified by matching with a list of about 8,000 such names.

c. In the remaining States, persons of Spanish language . (See 67.1 below.)

Tabulations of 5-percent data are for persons who report Spanish origin or descent including Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, and other Spanish. Spanish origin or decent is ascertained by means of a 5-percent sample question new with the 1970 census.