The Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI) provide local labor market statistics by industry, worker demographics, employer age and size. Unlike statistics tabulated from firm or person-level data, the QWI source data are unique job-level data that link workers to their employers. Because of this link, labor market data in the QWI is available by worker age, sex, educational attainment, and race/ethnicity. This allows for analysis by demographics of a particular local labor market or industry for instance, identifying industries with aging workforces. Links between workers and firms also allow the QWI to identify worker flows – hires, separations, and turnover – as well as net employment growth. As most hiring activity is the consequence of worker turnover rather than employment growth, a focus on employment growth alone may misrepresent employment opportunity in the local labor market. Wages by industry and demographics as well as by whether the worker was newly hired are also available. QWI wages for new hires can be compared to wages for continuing workers, and wage growth for similar workers across industries can be compared to identify important local labor market trends.
QWI Aggregation Categories
The QWI are aggregated from the job level to establishments, and then to a number of higher level categories for public release. These categories are interacted in various combinations on the public release files. Within the public release files, totals for each category are included along with detailed components.
The demographic categories available on the QWI include age, sex, race, ethnicity, and education. The interactions selected for publication include:
Industry by Age
Industry by Sex
Industry by Race
Industry by Ethnicity
Industry by Education
** Education is reported only for workers who are age 25 and up.
Detail: Demographic categories
The demographic categories reported in the QWI follow:
Black or African American Alone
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Alone
Two or More Race Groups
Not Hispanic or Latino
Hispanic or Latino
Less than high school
High school or equivalent, no college
Some college or Associate degree
Bachelor’s degree or advanced degree
Educational attainment not available (workers aged 24 or younger)