Data Dictionary: Census 2000
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Survey: Census 2000
Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Table: PCT19. Place Of Birth For The Foreign-Born Population [126]
Universe: Foreign-born population
Table Details
PCT19. Place Of Birth For The Foreign-Born Population
Universe: Foreign-born population
Variable Label
PCT019001
PCT019002
PCT019003
PCT019004
PCT019005
PCT019006
PCT019007
PCT019008
PCT019009
PCT019010
PCT019011
PCT019012
PCT019013
PCT019014
PCT019015
PCT019016
PCT019017
PCT019018
PCT019019
PCT019020
PCT019021
PCT019022
PCT019023
PCT019024
PCT019025
PCT019026
PCT019027
PCT019028
PCT019029
PCT019030
PCT019031
PCT019032
PCT019033
PCT019034
PCT019035
PCT019036
PCT019037
PCT019038
PCT019039
PCT019040
PCT019041
PCT019042
PCT019043
PCT019044
PCT019045
PCT019046
PCT019047
PCT019048
PCT019049
PCT019050
PCT019051
PCT019052
PCT019053
PCT019054
PCT019055
PCT019056
PCT019057
PCT019058
PCT019059
PCT019060
PCT019061
PCT019062
PCT019063
PCT019064
PCT019065
PCT019066
PCT019067
PCT019068
PCT019069
PCT019070
PCT019071
PCT019072
PCT019073
PCT019074
PCT019075
PCT019076
PCT019077
PCT019078
PCT019079
PCT019080
PCT019081
PCT019082
PCT019083
PCT019084
PCT019085
PCT019086
PCT019087
PCT019088
PCT019089
PCT019090
PCT019091
PCT019092
PCT019093
PCT019094
PCT019095
PCT019096
PCT019097
PCT019098
PCT019099
PCT019100
PCT019101
PCT019102
PCT019103
PCT019104
PCT019105
PCT019106
PCT019107
PCT019108
PCT019109
PCT019110
PCT019111
PCT019112
PCT019113
PCT019114
PCT019115
PCT019116
PCT019117
PCT019118
PCT019119
PCT019120
PCT019121
PCT019122
PCT019123
PCT019124
PCT019125
PCT019126
Relevant Documentation:
Excerpt from: Social Explorer, U.S. Census Bureau; 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Summary File 3: Technical Documentation, 2002.
 
Place of Birth
The data on place of birth were derived from answers to long-form questionnaire Item 12 which was asked of a sample of the population. Respondents were asked to report the U.S. state, Puerto Rico, U.S. Island Area, or foreign country where they were born. People not reporting a place of birth were assigned the state or country of birth of another family member or their residence 5 years earlier, or were imputed the response of another person with similar characteristics. People born outside the United States were asked to report their place of birth according to current international boundaries. Since numerous changes in boundaries of foreign countries have occurred in the last century, some people may have reported their place of birth in terms of boundaries that existed at the time of their birth or emigration, or in accordance with their own national preference.

The place of birth question for residents of Puerto Rico was identical to the question on the stateside questionnaires. The same code lists were used to code the responses and similar edits were applied.

Nativity
Information on place of birth and citizenship status was used to classify the population into two major categories: native and foreign born. (See "Native" and "Foreign Born" under "Citizenship Status.")

Comparability
The 2000 decennial census place of birth question matches the 1999 and subsequent American Community Survey (ACS) questions. The 1990 decennial census place of birth question matches the 1996-1998 ACS questions. For the 2000 decennial census and post-1998 ACS samples, separate check boxes and write-in spaces were used for people born in the United Sates and those born outside the United States.

Data on place of birth have been collected in each U.S. census since 1850. In prior censuses, the place of birth question asked respondents to report the state or foreign country where they were born. There were no check boxes in prior censuses. Nonresponse to the place of birth question has been imputed to some degree since 1970. For 1970 through 1990, state of birth was imputed for people born in the United States; people born outside the United States were assigned "born abroad, country not specified" or "born in an outlying area, not specified." In 2000, a specific Island Area (referred to as "outlying areas" in previous censuses) or country of birth was imputed.

Data on place of birth for Puerto Rico was asked beginning in 1910. In censuses prior to 2000, the place of birth question asked respondents to report the municipio in Puerto Rico as well as the U.S. state or the foreign country where they were born. Tabulations for those censuses showed people who were born in the same or a different municipio. Municipio of birth was not asked in 2000. Nonresponse was imputed in 1980 and 1990 for all questions, but a specific foreign country was not imputed until 2000.

Parental nativity (birthplace of parents) was asked of a sample of the population in each decennial census between 1870 and 1970. The 1980, 1990, and 2000 decennial censuses instead included a question on ancestry, except for the U.S. Island Areas (such as Guam) which asked the parental nativity question. (See "Ancestry.")

Excerpt from: Social Explorer, U.S. Census Bureau; 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Summary File 3: Technical Documentation, 2002.
 
Foreign born
The foreign-born population includes all people who were not U.S. citizens at birth. Foreign-born people are those who indicated they were either a U.S. citizen by naturalization or they were not a citizen of the United States.

Census 2000 does not ask about immigration status. The population surveyed includes all people who indicated that the United States was their usual place of residence on the census date. The foreign-born population includes: immigrants (legal permanent residents), temporary migrants (e.g., students), humanitarian migrants (e.g., refugees), and unauthorized migrants (people illegally residing in the United States).

The foreign-born population is shown by selected area, country, or region of birth. The places of birth shown in data products were chosen based on the number of respondents who reported that area or country of birth. (See "Place of Birth.")