Data Dictionary: Census 2000
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Survey: Census 2000
Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Table: PCT12H. Sex By Age (Hispanic Or Latino) [209]
Universe: People who are Hispanic or Latino
Table Details
PCT12H. Sex By Age (Hispanic Or Latino)
Universe: People who are Hispanic or Latino
Variable Label
PCT012H001
PCT012H002
PCT012H003
PCT012H004
PCT012H005
PCT012H006
PCT012H007
PCT012H008
PCT012H009
PCT012H010
PCT012H011
PCT012H012
PCT012H013
PCT012H014
PCT012H015
PCT012H016
PCT012H017
PCT012H018
PCT012H019
PCT012H020
PCT012H021
PCT012H022
PCT012H023
PCT012H024
PCT012H025
PCT012H026
PCT012H027
PCT012H028
PCT012H029
PCT012H030
PCT012H031
PCT012H032
PCT012H033
PCT012H034
PCT012H035
PCT012H036
PCT012H037
PCT012H038
PCT012H039
PCT012H040
PCT012H041
PCT012H042
PCT012H043
PCT012H044
PCT012H045
PCT012H046
PCT012H047
PCT012H048
PCT012H049
PCT012H050
PCT012H051
PCT012H052
PCT012H053
PCT012H054
PCT012H055
PCT012H056
PCT012H057
PCT012H058
PCT012H059
PCT012H060
PCT012H061
PCT012H062
PCT012H063
PCT012H064
PCT012H065
PCT012H066
PCT012H067
PCT012H068
PCT012H069
PCT012H070
PCT012H071
PCT012H072
PCT012H073
PCT012H074
PCT012H075
PCT012H076
PCT012H077
PCT012H078
PCT012H079
PCT012H080
PCT012H081
PCT012H082
PCT012H083
PCT012H084
PCT012H085
PCT012H086
PCT012H087
PCT012H088
PCT012H089
PCT012H090
PCT012H091
PCT012H092
PCT012H093
PCT012H094
PCT012H095
PCT012H096
PCT012H097
PCT012H098
PCT012H099
PCT012H100
PCT012H101
PCT012H102
PCT012H103
PCT012H104
PCT012H105
PCT012H106
PCT012H107
PCT012H108
PCT012H109
PCT012H110
PCT012H111
PCT012H112
PCT012H113
PCT012H114
PCT012H115
PCT012H116
PCT012H117
PCT012H118
PCT012H119
PCT012H120
PCT012H121
PCT012H122
PCT012H123
PCT012H124
PCT012H125
PCT012H126
PCT012H127
PCT012H128
PCT012H129
PCT012H130
PCT012H131
PCT012H132
PCT012H133
PCT012H134
PCT012H135
PCT012H136
PCT012H137
PCT012H138
PCT012H139
PCT012H140
PCT012H141
PCT012H142
PCT012H143
PCT012H144
PCT012H145
PCT012H146
PCT012H147
PCT012H148
PCT012H149
PCT012H150
PCT012H151
PCT012H152
PCT012H153
PCT012H154
PCT012H155
PCT012H156
PCT012H157
PCT012H158
PCT012H159
PCT012H160
PCT012H161
PCT012H162
PCT012H163
PCT012H164
PCT012H165
PCT012H166
PCT012H167
PCT012H168
PCT012H169
PCT012H170
PCT012H171
PCT012H172
PCT012H173
PCT012H174
PCT012H175
PCT012H176
PCT012H177
PCT012H178
PCT012H179
PCT012H180
PCT012H181
PCT012H182
PCT012H183
PCT012H184
PCT012H185
PCT012H186
PCT012H187
PCT012H188
PCT012H189
PCT012H190
PCT012H191
PCT012H192
PCT012H193
PCT012H194
PCT012H195
PCT012H196
PCT012H197
PCT012H198
PCT012H199
PCT012H200
PCT012H201
PCT012H202
PCT012H203
PCT012H204
PCT012H205
PCT012H206
PCT012H207
PCT012H208
PCT012H209
Relevant Documentation:
Excerpt from: Social Explorer, U.S. Census Bureau; 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Summary File 1: Technical Documentation, 2001.
 
Sex
The data on sex were derived from answers to a question that was asked of all people. Individuals were asked to mark either "male" or "female" to indicate their sex. For most cases in which sex was not reported, it was determined by the appropriate entry from the persons given (i.e., first) name and household relationship. Otherwise, sex was imputed according to the relationship to the householder and the age of the person. (For more information on imputation, see "Accuracy of the Data.")

Sex ratio
A measure derived by dividing the total number of males by the total number of females and multiplying by 100.

Comparability
A question on the sex of individuals has been asked of the total population in every census.
For more information on sex, please telephone 301-457-2378.

Excerpt from: Social Explorer, U.S. Census Bureau; 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Summary File 1: Technical Documentation, 2001.
 
Age
The data on age were derived from answers to a question that was asked of all people. The age classification is based on the age of the person in complete years as of April 1, 2000. The age of the person was usually derived from their date of birth information. Their reported age was used only when date of birth information was unavailable.

Data on age are used to determine the applicability of some of the sample questions for a person and to classify other characteristics in census tabulations. Age data are needed to interpret most social and economic characteristics used to plan and examine many programs and policies.

Median age
This measure divides the age distribution into two equal parts: one-half of the cases falling below the median value and one-half above the value. Median age is computed on the basis of a single year of age distribution.

Limitation of the data
The most general limitation for many decades has been the tendency of people to overreport ages or years of birth that end in zero or five. This phenomenon is called "age heaping." In addition, the counts in the 1970 and 1980 censuses for people 100 years old and over were substantially overstated. So also were the counts of people aged 69 in 1970 and aged 79 in 1980. Improvements have been made since then in the questionnaire design, and in the allocation procedures which have further minimized these problems. The count of people aged 89 in the 1990 census was not overstated.

Review of detailed 1990 census information indicated that respondents tended to provide their age as of the date they completed the questionnaire, not their age as of April 1, 1990. One reason this happened was that respondents were not specifically instructed to provide their age as of April 1, 1990. Another reason was that data collection efforts continued well past the census date. In addition, there may have been a tendency for respondents to round their age up if they were close to having a birthday. It is likely that approximately 10 percent of people in most age groups were actually one year younger. For most single years of age, the misstatements were largely offsetting. The problem is most pronounced at age zero because people lost to age one probably were not fully offset by the inclusion of babies born after April 1, 1990. Also, there may have been more rounding up to age one to avoid reporting age as zero years. (Age in complete months was not collected for infants under age one.)

The reporting of age one year older than true age on April 1, 1990, is likely to have been greater in areas where the census data were collected later in calendar year 1990. The magnitude of this problem was much less in the 1960, 1970, and 1980 censuses where age was typically derived from respondent data on year of birth and quarter of birth.

These shortcomings were minimized in Census 2000 because age was usually calculated from exact date of birth and because respondents were specifically asked to provide their age as of April 1, 2000. (For more information on the design of the age question, see the section below that discusses "Comparability.")

Comparability
Age data have been collected in every census. For the first time since 1950, the 1990 data were not available by quarter year of age. This change was made so that coded information could be obtained for both age and year of birth. In 2000, each individual has both an age and an exact date of birth. In each census since 1940, the age of a person was assigned when it was not reported. In censuses before 1940, with the exception of 1880, people of unknown age were shown as a separate category. Since 1960, assignment of unknown age has been performed by a general procedure described as "imputation." The specific procedures for imputing age have been different in each census. (For more information on imputation, see "Accuracy of the Data.")
For more information on age, please telephone 301-457-2428.

Excerpt from: Social Explorer, U.S. Census Bureau; 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Summary File 1: Technical Documentation, 2001.
 
Hispanic or Latino
The data on the Hispanic or Latino population were derived from answers to a question that was asked of all people. The terms "Spanish,""Hispanic origin," and "Latino" are used interchangeably. Some respondents identify with all three terms while others may identify with only one of these three specific terms. Hispanics or Latinos who identify with the terms "Spanish,"" Hispanic," or "Latino" are those who classify themselves in one of the specific Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino categories listed on the questionnaire ("Mexican,""Puerto Rican," or "Cuban") as well as those who indicate that they are "other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino." People who do not identify with one of the specific origins listed on the questionnaire but indicate that they are "other Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino" are those whose origins are from Spain, the Spanish-speaking countries of Central or South America, the Dominican Republic, or people identifying themselves generally as Spanish, Spanish-American, Hispanic, Hispano, Latino, and so on. All write-in responses to the "other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino" category were coded.

Origin can be viewed as the heritage, nationality group, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the persons parents or ancestors before their arrival in the United States. People who identify their origin as Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino may be of any race. Some tabulations are shown by the origin of the householder. In all cases where the origin of households, families, or occupied housing units is classified as Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino, the origin of the householder is used. (See the discussion of householder under "Household Type and Relationship.")

If an individual could not provide a Hispanic origin response, their origin was assigned using specific rules of precedence of household relationship. For example, if origin was missing for a natural-born daughter in the household, then either the origin of the householder, another naturalborn child, or spouse of the householder was assigned. If Hispanic origin was not reported for anyone in the household, the Hispanic origin of a householder in a previously processed household with the same race was assigned. This procedure is a variation of the general imputation procedures described in "Accuracy of the Data" and is similar to those used in 1990, except for Census 2000 race and Spanish surnames were used to assist in assigning an origin (see the "Comparability" section below also).

Comparability
There are two important changes to the Hispanic origin question for Census 2000. First, the sequence of the race and Hispanic origin questions for Census 2000 differs from that in 1990; in 1990, the race question preceded the Hispanic origin question. Testing prior to Census 2000 indicated that response to the Hispanic origin question could be improved by placing it before the race question without affecting the response to the race question. Second, there is an instruction preceding the Hispanic origin question indicating that respondents should answer both the Hispanic origin and the race questions. This instruction was added to give emphasis to the distinct concepts of the Hispanic origin and race questions, and to emphasize the need for both pieces of information.

Furthermore, there has been a change in the processing of the Hispanic origin and race responses. In the 1990 census, respondents provided Hispanic origin responses in the race question and race responses in the Hispanic origin question. In 1990, the Hispanic origin question and the race question had separate edits; therefore, although information may have been present on the questionnaire, it was not fully utilized due to the discrete nature of the edits. However, for Census 2000 there is a joint race and Hispanic origin edit, which can utilize Hispanic origin and race information that was reported in the inappropriate question.
For more information on Hispanic or Latino, please telephone 301-457-2403.