Data Dictionary: Census 2000
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Survey: Census 2000
Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau and Social Explorer
Table: T208. Place Of Birth For The Foreign-Born Population (ACS Compatible Version) [116]
Universe: Foreign-born population excluding born at sea
Table Details
T208. Place Of Birth For The Foreign-Born Population (ACS Compatible Version)
Universe: Foreign-born population excluding born at sea
Variable Label
T208_001
T208_002
T208_003
T208_004
T208_005
T208_006
T208_007
T208_008
T208_009
T208_010
T208_011
T208_012
T208_013
T208_014
T208_015
T208_016
T208_017
T208_018
T208_019
T208_020
T208_021
T208_022
T208_023
T208_024
T208_025
T208_026
T208_027
T208_028
T208_029
T208_030
T208_031
T208_032
T208_033
T208_034
T208_035
T208_036
T208_037
T208_038
T208_039
T208_040
T208_041
T208_042
T208_043
T208_044
T208_045
T208_046
T208_047
T208_048
T208_049
T208_050
T208_051
T208_052
T208_053
T208_054
T208_055
T208_056
T208_057
T208_058
T208_059
T208_060
T208_061
T208_062
T208_063
T208_064
T208_065
T208_066
T208_067
T208_068
T208_069
T208_070
T208_071
T208_072
T208_073
T208_074
T208_075
T208_076
T208_077
T208_078
T208_079
T208_080
T208_081
T208_082
T208_083
T208_084
T208_085
T208_086
T208_087
T208_088
T208_089
T208_090
T208_091
T208_092
T208_093
T208_094
T208_095
T208_096
T208_097
T208_098
T208_099
T208_100
T208_101
T208_102
T208_103
T208_104
T208_105
T208_106
T208_107
T208_108
T208_109
T208_110
T208_111
T208_112
T208_113
T208_114
T208_115
T208_116
Relevant Documentation:
Excerpt from: Social Explorer, U.S. Census Bureau; 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Summary File 3: Technical Documentation, 2002.
 
Place of Birth
The data on place of birth were derived from answers to long-form questionnaire Item 12 which was asked of a sample of the population. Respondents were asked to report the U.S. state, Puerto Rico, U.S. Island Area, or foreign country where they were born. People not reporting a place of birth were assigned the state or country of birth of another family member or their residence 5 years earlier, or were imputed the response of another person with similar characteristics. People born outside the United States were asked to report their place of birth according to current international boundaries. Since numerous changes in boundaries of foreign countries have occurred in the last century, some people may have reported their place of birth in terms of boundaries that existed at the time of their birth or emigration, or in accordance with their own national preference.

The place of birth question for residents of Puerto Rico was identical to the question on the stateside questionnaires. The same code lists were used to code the responses and similar edits were applied.

Nativity
Information on place of birth and citizenship status was used to classify the population into two major categories: native and foreign born. (See "Native" and "Foreign Born" under "Citizenship Status.")

Comparability
The 2000 decennial census place of birth question matches the 1999 and subsequent American Community Survey (ACS) questions. The 1990 decennial census place of birth question matches the 1996-1998 ACS questions. For the 2000 decennial census and post-1998 ACS samples, separate check boxes and write-in spaces were used for people born in the United Sates and those born outside the United States.

Data on place of birth have been collected in each U.S. census since 1850. In prior censuses, the place of birth question asked respondents to report the state or foreign country where they were born. There were no check boxes in prior censuses. Nonresponse to the place of birth question has been imputed to some degree since 1970. For 1970 through 1990, state of birth was imputed for people born in the United States; people born outside the United States were assigned "born abroad, country not specified" or "born in an outlying area, not specified." In 2000, a specific Island Area (referred to as "outlying areas" in previous censuses) or country of birth was imputed.

Data on place of birth for Puerto Rico was asked beginning in 1910. In censuses prior to 2000, the place of birth question asked respondents to report the municipio in Puerto Rico as well as the U.S. state or the foreign country where they were born. Tabulations for those censuses showed people who were born in the same or a different municipio. Municipio of birth was not asked in 2000. Nonresponse was imputed in 1980 and 1990 for all questions, but a specific foreign country was not imputed until 2000.

Parental nativity (birthplace of parents) was asked of a sample of the population in each decennial census between 1870 and 1970. The 1980, 1990, and 2000 decennial censuses instead included a question on ancestry, except for the U.S. Island Areas (such as Guam) which asked the parental nativity question. (See "Ancestry.")

Excerpt from: Social Explorer, U.S. Census Bureau; 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Summary File 3: Technical Documentation, 2002.
 
Foreign born
The foreign-born population includes all people who were not U.S. citizens at birth. Foreign-born people are those who indicated they were either a U.S. citizen by naturalization or they were not a citizen of the United States.

Census 2000 does not ask about immigration status. The population surveyed includes all people who indicated that the United States was their usual place of residence on the census date. The foreign-born population includes: immigrants (legal permanent residents), temporary migrants (e.g., students), humanitarian migrants (e.g., refugees), and unauthorized migrants (people illegally residing in the United States).

The foreign-born population is shown by selected area, country, or region of birth. The places of birth shown in data products were chosen based on the number of respondents who reported that area or country of birth. (See "Place of Birth.")