|Data Source:||U.S. Census Bureau|
Universe: Population 16 years and over
|P139.||Imputation Of Earnings In 1999 For The Population 16+ Years -- Percent Of Earnings Imputed|
|Universe: Population 16 years and over|
P139003More than 0 to less than 10 percent of total earnings for individual imputed
None - percentages not computed (variable is table universe)
|Excerpt from:||Social Explorer, U.S. Census Bureau; 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Summary File 3: Technical Documentation, 2002.|
|Summary File 3 Technical Documentation -> Appendix C. Data Collection and Processing Procedures -> Glossary -> Imputation|
When information is missing or inconsistent, the Census Bureau uses a method called imputation to assign values. Imputation relies on the statistical principle of "homogeneity," or the tendency of households within a small geographic area to be similar in most characteristics. For example, the value of "rented" is likely to be imputed for a housing unit not reporting on owner/renter status in a neighborhood with multiunits or apartments where other respondents reported "rented" on the census questionnaire. In past censuses, when the occupancy status or the number of residents was not known for a housing unit, this information was imputed.
Internet Questionnaire Assistance (IQA)
An operation which allows respondents to use the Census Bureau's Internet site to (1) ask questions and receive answers about the census form, job opportunities, or the purpose of the census and (2) provide responses to the short form.
Interpolation frequently is used in calculating medians or quartiles based on interval data and in approximating standard errors from tables. Linear interpolation is used to estimate values of a function between two known values. Pareto interpolation is an alternative to linear interpolation. In Pareto interpolation, the median is derived by interpolating between the logarithms of the upper and lower income limits of the median category. It is used by the Census Bureau in calculating median income within intervals wider than $2,500.
|Summary File 3 Technical Documentation -> Appendix B. Definitons of Subject Characteristics -> Population Characteristics -> Income in 1999 -> Income Type in 1999 -> Earnings|
Earnings are defined as the sum of wage or salary income and net income from self-employment. "Earnings" represent the amount of income received regularly for people 16 years old and over before deductions for personal income taxes, social security, bond purchases, union dues, medicare deductions, etc.
|Summary File 3 Technical Documentation -> Appendix B. Definitons of Subject Characteristics -> Derived Measures -> Percentage|