Data Dictionary: Census 1970
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Survey: Census 1970
Data Source: Social Explorer & U.S. Census Bureau
Table: T34. Cumulative Educational Attainment By Race [25]
Universe: Population 25 Years Old And Over
Table Details
Relevant Documentation:
Excerpt from: Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau; 1970 Census Users’ Guide; U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1970.
 
Education
Enrollment status
In 1960, ascertained for persons 5 to 34 years of age, who were classified as enrolled in school if they attended regular school or college at any time since February 1, 1960. (Attendance at a nursery school, business or trade school, or adult education classes was not to be counted; regular schooling included kindergarten and schooling leading to an elementary school certificate, high school diploma, or college degree.) Persons enrolled in a regular school who did not actually attend because of illness, etc. were classified as enrolled in school. In 1970, ascertained for persons 3 years and older, who are classified as enrolled in school if they attended regular school or college at any time since February 1, 1970. (Regular schooling includes nursery school, kindergarten, and schooling leading to an elementary school certificate, high school diploma, or college degree.)

Level and year or grade of school in which enrolled
Persons enrolled in school were asked the year or grade in which enrolled up to 6 or more years of college. In 1960, enrollment was classified into four levels with separate years or grades identified within each level as indicated below. In 1970, enrollment is classified as in 1960 with the addition of nursery school.

Nursery school
Identified in 1970, but not in 1960.

Kindergarten
Elementary school
Includes grades 1 through 8, identified separately in some tabulations. (Persons enrolled in a junior high school are classified as enrolled in elementary school or high school according to year in which enrolled.)

High school
Includes grades 9 through 12, identified separate] y in some tabulations. (See elementary school, above, for treatment of junior high school enrollment.)

College
Includes 1 through 5 academic years and 6 years or more, identified separately in some tabulations. College enrollment is defined to include enrollment in junior or community colleges, regular 4-year colleges, and graduate or professional schools.

Type of school in which enrolled
Persons enrolled in school are classified by type of school in terms of public or private, as indicated below.

Public school enrollment
Includes persons attending schools controlled and supported primarily by local, State, or Federal governmental agencies.

Private school enrollment
Includes persons attending schools controlled and supported mainly by religious organizations (parochial schools) or private persons or organizations. In 1970, parochial school enrollment and other private school enrollment are identified as separate categories for each level of school except college.

Years of school completed
In 1960, ascertained for persons 5 years of age and over; in 1970, for persons 3 years of age and over, who were asked the highest grade or year of regular school they ever attended up to 6 or more years of college, Persons attending school were asked the year they were completing. Persons were also asked whether they finished the year specified as the highest grade attended (or were attending that year).

The number tabulated in each category of years of school completed includes persons who report completing that grade or year plus those who attended but did not complete the next higher grade. A common breakdown is no school years completed; 1-4, 5-6, 7, 8 years elementary; 1-3, 4 years high school; 1-3, 4 academic years or more college. Single years of the highest grade attended are carried on census basic records. Tabulations are commonly produced for particular age groups such as persons 14 and over, persons 25 and over, persons 14 to 24 not enrolled in school.

Median school years completed is calculated as the value which divides the population in half, Years of school completed statistics are converted into a continuous series: the first year of high school becomes grade 9, the first year of college grade 13, etc. Persons who have completed a given year are assumed to be evenly distributed from .0 to .9 of the year. For example, persons who have completed the 12th grade are assumed to be evenly distributed between 12.0 and 12.9.

Vocational training
Not asked in 1960. In 1970, ascertained for persons 14 to 64 years of age who were asked whether they ever completed a vocational training program; for example, in high school, as an apprentice, in a school of business, nursing, or trades, in a technical institute, or an Armed Forces school. Respondents were also asked to indicate the main field of such training as follows: business, office work; nursing, other health fields; trades and crafts; engineering or science technician, draftsman; agriculture or home economics; other field. Vocational training does not include courses received by correspondence, on-the-job training, or Armed Forces training not useful in a civilian job.

Excerpt from: Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau; 1970 Census Users’ Guide; U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1970.
 
Race
refers to the division of the population into white, Negro, and several other racial categories. These racial categories do not correspond to strict scientific definitions of biological stock. Persons were asked to indicate their race by selecting one of the following: White; Negro or Black; Indian (American); Japanese; Chinese; Filipino; Hawaiian; Korean; Other (specify). (In Alaska, Hawaiian and Korean were omitted and Aleut and Eskimo were added.)

Written entries in the other category are checked against a list of possible written entries.

This list indicates whether the written entry should remain in the other category or be correctly classified in one of the printed categories. If the written entry does not appear on the list, the entry remains in the other category.

White population
Includes persons who indicated their race as white. Also includes persons who indicated the other race category and furnished written entries that should correctly be classified in the white category.

All other races population
Includes all persons who did not indicate their race as white or did not have their entry classified as white.

Negro and other races population
Includes persons who indicated their race as one of the following:

Includes persons who indicated their race as Negro or Black. Also includes persons who indicated the other race category and furnished a written entry that should be classified as Negro or Black.

American Indian
Includes persons who indicated their race as Indian (American) or reported an Indian tribe. In 1970 persons who indicated their race as American Indian were also asked to indicate their tribe.

Japanese
Includes persons who indicated their race as Japanese and persons with written entries that should be classified as Japanese.

Chinese
Includes persons who indicated their race as Chinese and persons with written entries that should be classified as Chinese.

Filipino
Includes persons who indicated their race as Filipino and persons with written entries that should be classified as Filipino.

Hawaiian and Korean
Includes persons in all the States (excluding Alaska) who indicated their race as Hawaiian or Korean. Also includes persons in the States who had written entries that should be classified as Hawaiian or Korean. In Alaska, persons who are Hawaiian and Korean are included in the other races category.

Aleut and Eskimo
Includes persons in the State of Alaska who indicated their race as Aleut or Eskimo. In the other 49 States persons who indicated Aleut and Eskimo are included in the other race category.

Other races population
Includes persons who indicated the other race category and had a written entry that is not classified as another category.

During publication this is often considered as a residual category and includes statistics for all races not shown separately.

Mixed parentage
Persons indicated racial mixture are classified according to the race of the father, if he was present in the household and his race was one of the races entered for the person. If the fathers race cannot be determined, the first race listed is used.