Data Dictionary: ACS 2005 -- 2009 (5-Year Estimates)
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Data Source: Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau
Table: T139. Place Of Birth For The Foreign-Born Population [123]
Universe: Foreign-born population
Table Details
T139. Place Of Birth For The Foreign-Born Population
Universe: Foreign-born population
Variable Label
T139_001
T139_002
T139_003
T139_004
T139_005
T139_006
T139_007
T139_008
T139_009
T139_010
T139_011
T139_012
T139_013
T139_014
T139_015
T139_016
T139_017
T139_018
T139_019
T139_020
T139_021
T139_022
T139_023
T139_024
T139_025
T139_026
T139_027
T139_028
T139_029
T139_030
T139_031
T139_032
T139_033
T139_034
T139_035
T139_036
T139_037
T139_038
T139_039
T139_040
T139_041
T139_042
T139_043
T139_044
T139_045
T139_046
T139_047
T139_048
T139_049
T139_050
T139_051
T139_052
T139_053
T139_054
T139_055
T139_056
T139_057
T139_058
T139_059
T139_060
T139_061
T139_062
T139_063
T139_064
T139_065
T139_066
T139_067
T139_068
T139_069
T139_070
T139_071
T139_072
T139_073
T139_074
T139_075
T139_076
T139_077
T139_078
T139_079
T139_080
T139_081
T139_082
T139_083
T139_084
T139_085
T139_086
T139_087
T139_088
T139_089
T139_090
T139_091
T139_092
T139_093
T139_094
T139_095
T139_096
T139_097
T139_098
T139_099
T139_100
T139_101
T139_102
T139_103
T139_104
T139_105
T139_106
T139_107
T139_108
T139_109
T139_110
T139_111
T139_112
T139_113
T139_114
T139_115
T139_116
T139_117
T139_118
T139_119
T139_120
T139_121
T139_122
T139_123
Relevant Documentation:
Excerpt from: Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau; American Community Survey 2005-2009 Summary File: Technical Documentation.
 
Place of Birth
The data on place of birth were derived from answers to Question 7. Respondents were asked to select one of two categories: (1) in the United States, or (2) outside the United States. In the American Community Survey, respondents selecting category (1) were then asked to report the name of the state while respondents selecting category (2) were then asked to report the name of the foreign country, or Puerto Rico, Guam, etc. In the Puerto Rico Community Survey, respondents selecting category (1) were also asked to report the name of the state, while respondents selecting category (2) were then asked to print Puerto Rico or the name of the foreign country, or U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, etc. People not reporting a place of birth were assigned the state or country of birth of another family member, or were allocated the response of another individual with similar characteristics. People born outside the United States were asked to report their place of birth according to current international boundaries. Since numerous changes in boundaries of foreign countries have occurred in the last century, some people may have reported their place of birth in terms of boundaries that existed at the time of their birth or emigration, or in accordance with their own national preference.

The place of birth questions along with the citizenship status question provide essential data for setting and evaluating immigration policies and laws. Knowing the characterisitcs of immigrants helps legislators and others understand how different immigrant groups are assimilated. Federal agencies require these data to develop programs for refugees and other foreign-born individuals. Vital information on lifetime migration among states also comes from the place of birth question.

Nativity
Information on place of birth and citizenship status was used to classify the population into two major categories: native and foreign born.

Native
The native population includes anyone who was a U.S. citizen at birth. The native population includes those born in the United States, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Marianas, or the U.S. Virgin Islands, as well as those born abroad of at least one U.S. citizen parent. The native population is divided into the following groups: people born in the state in which they resided at the time of the survey; people born in a different state, by region; people born in Puerto Rico or one of the U.S. Island Areas; and people born abroad with at least one U.S. citizen parent. (See also "Citizenship Status.")

Foreign Born
The foreign-born population includes anyone who was not a U.S. citizen at birth. This includes respondents who indicated they were a U.S. citizen by naturalization or not a U.S. citizen. (See also Citizenship Status.) The foreign-born population is shown by selected area, country, or region of birth. The places of birth shown in data products were chosen based on the number of respondents who reported that area or country of birth.

Question/Concept History
The 1996-1998 American Community Survey question asked respondents to write in the U.S. state, territory, commonwealth or foreign country where this person was born. Beginning in 1999, the question asked "Where was this person born?" and provided two check-boxes, each with a write-in space.

Limitation of the Data
Beginning in 2006, the group quarters (GQ) population is included in the ACS. Some types of GQ populations may have place of birth distributions that are different from the household population. The inclusion of the GQ population could therefore have a noticeable impact on the place of birth distribution. This is particularly true for areas with a substantial GQ population.

Comparability
This data source is comparable to the decennial censuses. See the 2009 Code List for Place of Birth Code List.