Data Dictionary: ACS 2005 -- 2009 (5-Year Estimates)
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Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Table: B25122. Household Income In The Past 12 Months (In 2009 Inflation-Adjusted Dollars) By Gross Rent [120]
Universe: Renter-occupied housing units
Table Details
B25122. Household Income In The Past 12 Months (In 2009 Inflation-Adjusted Dollars) By Gross Rent
Universe: Renter-occupied housing units
Variable Label
B25122001
B25122002
B25122003
B25122004
B25122005
B25122006
B25122007
B25122008
B25122009
B25122010
B25122011
B25122012
B25122013
B25122014
B25122015
B25122016
B25122017
B25122018
B25122019
B25122020
B25122021
B25122022
B25122023
B25122024
B25122025
B25122026
B25122027
B25122028
B25122029
B25122030
B25122031
B25122032
B25122033
B25122034
B25122035
B25122036
B25122037
B25122038
B25122039
B25122040
B25122041
B25122042
B25122043
B25122044
B25122045
B25122046
B25122047
B25122048
B25122049
B25122050
B25122051
B25122052
B25122053
B25122054
B25122055
B25122056
B25122057
B25122058
B25122059
B25122060
B25122061
B25122062
B25122063
B25122064
B25122065
B25122066
B25122067
B25122068
B25122069
B25122070
B25122071
B25122072
B25122073
B25122074
B25122075
B25122076
B25122077
B25122078
B25122079
B25122080
B25122081
B25122082
B25122083
B25122084
B25122085
B25122086
B25122087
B25122088
B25122089
B25122090
B25122091
B25122092
B25122093
B25122094
B25122095
B25122096
B25122097
B25122098
B25122099
B25122100
B25122101
B25122102
B25122103
B25122104
B25122105
B25122106
B25122107
B25122108
B25122109
B25122110
B25122111
B25122112
B25122113
B25122114
B25122115
B25122116
B25122117
B25122118
B25122119
B25122120
Relevant Documentation:
Excerpt from: Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau; American Community Survey 2005-2009 Summary File: Technical Documentation.
 
Income of Households
This includes the income of the householder and all other individuals 15 years old and over in the household, whether they are related to the householder or not. Because many households consist of only one person, average household income is usually less than average family income. Although the household income statistics cover the past 12 months, the characteristics of individuals and the composition of households refer to the time of interview. Thus, the income of the household does not include amounts received by individuals who were members of the household during all or part of the past 12 months if these individuals no longer resided in the household at the time of interview. Similarly, income amounts reported by individuals who did not reside in the household during the past 12 months but who were members of the household at the time of interview are included. However, the composition of most households was the same during the past 12 months as at the time of interview.

Excerpt from: Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau; American Community Survey 2005-2009 Summary File: Technical Documentation.
 
Gross Rent
The data on gross rent were obtained from answers to Housing Questions 11a-d and 15a in the 2009 American Community Survey. Gross rent is the contract rent plus the estimated average monthly cost of utilities (electricity, gas, and water and sewer) and fuels (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.) if these are paid by the renter (or paid for the renter by someone else). Gross rent is intended to eliminate differentials that result from varying practices with respect to the inclusion of utilities and fuels as part of the rental payment. The estimated costs of water and sewer, and fuels are reported on a 12-month basis but are converted to monthly figures for the tabulations. Renter units occupied without payment of rent are shown separately as "No rent paid" in the tabulations.

Gross rent provides information on the monthly housing cost expenses for renters. When the data is used in conjunction with income data, the information offers an excellent measure of housing affordability and excessive shelter costs. The data also serve to aid in the development of housing programs to meet the needs of people at different economic levels, and to provide assistance to agencies in determining policies on fair rent.

Adjusting Gross Rent for Inflation
To inflate gross rent amounts from previous years, the dollar values are inflated to the latest years dollar values by multiplying by a factor equal to the average annual Consumer Price Index (CPI-U-RS) factor for the current year, divided by the average annual CPI-U-RS factor for the earlier/earliest year.

Median Gross Rent
Median gross rent divides the gross rent distribution into two equal parts: one-half of the cases falling below the median gross rent and one-half above the median. Median gross rent is computed on the basis of a standard distribution. (See the "Standard Distributions" section under "Appendix A") Median gross rent is rounded to the nearest whole dollar. (For more information on medians, see "Derived Measures".)

Aggregate Gross Rent
Aggregate gross rent is calculated by adding together all the gross rents for all specified housing units in an area. Aggregate gross rent is rounded to the nearest hundred dollars. (For more information, see "Aggregate" under "Derived Measures".)

Question/Concept History
Since 1996, the American Community Survey questions have remained the same.

Comparability
Data on gross rent in the American Community Survey should not be compared to Census 2000 gross rent data. For Census 2000, tables were not released for total renter-occupied units. The universe in Census 2000 was "specified renter-occupied housing units" whereas the universe in the ACS is "renter occupied housing units", thus comparisons cannot be made between these two data sets.