Data Dictionary: ACS 2005 -- 2007 (3-Year Estimates)
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Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Table: B21001G. Sex By Age By Veteran Status For The Civilian Population 18 Years And Over (Two Or More Races) [33]
Universe: Universe: Two or more races civilian population 18 years and over
Table Details
B21001G. Sex By Age By Veteran Status For The Civilian Population 18 Years And Over (Two Or More Races)
Universe: Universe: Two or more races civilian population 18 years and over
Variable Label
B21001G001
B21001G002
B21001G003
B21001G004
B21001G005
B21001G006
B21001G007
B21001G008
B21001G009
B21001G010
B21001G011
B21001G012
B21001G013
B21001G014
B21001G015
B21001G016
B21001G017
B21001G018
B21001G019
B21001G020
B21001G021
B21001G022
B21001G023
B21001G024
B21001G025
B21001G026
B21001G027
B21001G028
B21001G029
B21001G030
B21001G031
B21001G032
B21001G033
Relevant Documentation:
Excerpt from: Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau; 2005-2007 American Community Survey 3-Year Summary File: Technical Documentation.
 
Sex
The data on sex were derived from answers to Question 1. Individuals were asked to mark either "male" or "female" to indicate their sex. For most cases in which sex was not reported, the appropriate entry was determined from the person's given (i.e., first) name and household relationship. Otherwise, sex was imputed according to the relationship to the householder and the age of the person.
Sex Ratio
The sex ratio represents the balance between the male and female populations. Ratios above 100 indicate a larger male population, and ratios below 100 indicate a larger female population. This measure is derived by dividing the total number of males by the total number of females and then multiplying by 100. It is rounded to the nearest tenth.
Limitation of the data
Beginning in 2006, the population in group quarters (GQ) is included in the ACS. Some types of GQ populations have sex distributions that are very different from the household population. The inclusion of the GQ population could therefore have a noticeable impact on the sex distribution. This is particularly true for areas with a substantial GQ population.
The Census Bureau tested the changes introduced to the 2007 version of the sex question in the 2007 ACS Grid-Sequential Test (http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/ACS-MP-09_Grid-Sequential_Test_Final_Report.pdf). The results of this testing show that the changes may introduce an inconsistency in the data produced for this question as observed from the years 2006 to 2007
Question/Concept History
The sex question has remained the same.
Excerpt from: Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau; 2005-2007 American Community Survey 3-Year Summary File: Technical Documentation.
 
Age
The data on age were derived from answers to Question 2. The age classification is based on the age of the person in complete years at the time of interview. Both age and date of birth are used in combination to calculate the most accurate age at the time of the interview. Inconsistently reported and missing values are assigned or imputed based on the values of other variables for that person, from other people in the household, or from people in other households ("hot deck" imputation). Data on age are used to determine the applicability of other questions for a particular individual and to classify other characteristics in tabulations. Age data are needed to interpret most social and economic characteristics used to plan and analyze programs and policies. Therefore, age data are tabulated by many different age groupings, such as 5-year age groups.
Median Age
The median age is the age that divides the population into two equal-size groups. Half of the population is older than the median age and half is younger. Median age is based on a standard distribution of the population by single years of age and is shown to the nearest tenth of a year. (See the sections on "Standard Distributions" and "Medians" under "Derived Measures.")
Age Dependency Ratio
The age dependency ratio is derived by dividing the combined under-18 and 65-and-over populations by the 18-to-64 population and multiplying by 100.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio
The old-age dependency ratio is derived by dividing the population 65 years and over by the 18-to-64 population and multiplying by 100.
Child Dependency Ratio
The child dependency ratio is derived by dividing the population under 18 years by the 18-to-64 population, and multiplying by 100.
Limitation of the Data
Caution should be taken when comparing population in age groups across time. The entire population continually ages into older age groups over time and babies fill in the youngest age group. Therefore, the population of a certain age is made up of a completely different group of people in 2000 and 2007. Since populations occasionally experience booms/increases and busts/decreases in births, deaths, or migration (for example, the postwar Baby Boom from 1946-1964), one should not necessarily expect that the population in an age group in Census 2000 should be similar in size or proportion to the population in the same age group in the 2007 ACS. For example, Baby Boomers were age 36 to 54 in Census 2000 while they were age 44 to 62 in the 2007 ACS. Therefore, the age group 55 to 59 would show a considerable increase in population when comparing Census 2000 data with the 2007 ACS data.
Beginning in 2006, the population in group quarters (GQ) is included in the ACS. Some types of GQ populations have age distributions that are very different from the household population. The inclusion of the GQ population could therefore have a noticeable impact on the age distribution. This is particularly true for areas with a substantial GQ population.
Question/Concept History
The 1996-2002 American Community Survey question asked for month, day, and year of birth before age. Since 2003, the American Community Survey question asked for age, followed by month, day, and year of birth. In 2007, an additional instruction was provided with the age and date of birth question on the American Community Survey questionnaire to report babies as age 0 when the child was less than 1 year old. The addition of this instruction occurred after 2005 National Census Test results indicated increased accuracy of age reporting for babies less than one year old.
Excerpt from: Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau; 2005-2007 American Community Survey 3-Year Summary File: Technical Documentation.
 
Veteran Status
Data on veteran status and period of military service were derived from answers to Questions 20, 21 and 22.
Veteran Status
For data products, a "civilian veteran" is a person 18 years old or over who has served (even for a short time), but is not now serving, on active duty in the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or the Coast Guard, or who served in the U.S. Merchant Marine during World War II. People who served in the National Guard or military Reserves are classified as veterans only if they were ever called or ordered to active duty, not counting the 4-6 months for initial training or yearly summer camps. All other civilians 18 years old and over are classified as nonveterans.
Period of Military Service
People who indicated that they had served on active duty or were now on active duty were asked to indicate the period or periods in which they served. The responses to the question about period of service were edited for consistency and reasonableness. The edit eliminated inconsistencies between reported period(s) of service and age of the person; it also removed reported combinations of periods containing unreasonable gaps (for example, it did not accept a response that indicated that the person had served in World War II and in the Vietnam era, but not in the Korean conflict).

Years of Military Service
For the 1996-1998 American Community Survey, people who indicated that they had served on active duty or were now on active duty were asked to report the total number of years and months of active-duty service.
Since 1999, people who indicated that they had served on active duty or were now on active duty were asked to report whether the total number of years of active-duty service was less than 2 years or 2 years or more. The question asked for accumulated service, which is not necessarily the same as continuous service.
Limitation of the Data
There may be a tendency for the following kinds of persons to report erroneously that they served on active duty in the Armed Forces: (a) persons who served in the National Guard or Military Reserves but were never called to duty; (b) civilian employees or volunteers for the USO, Red Cross, or the Department of Defense (or its predecessors, the Department of War and the Department of the Navy); and (c) employees of the Merchant Marine or Public Health Service. There may also be a tendency for persons to erroneously round up months to the nearest year in Question 22. (For example, persons with one year and eight months of active duty military service may mistakenly report "2 years.")
Beginning in 2006, the population in group quarters (GQ) is included in the ACS. Some types of GQ populations may have period of military service and veteran status distributions that are different from the household population. The inclusion of the GQ population could therefore have a noticeable impact on the period of service and veteran status distributions. This is particularly true for areas with a substantial GQ population.
Question/Concept History
Veteran Status: For the 1999-2002 American Community Survey question, the response categories were modified by expanding the "No active duty service" answer category to distinguish persons whose only military service was for training in the Reserves or National Guard, from persons with no military experience whatsoever.
Period of Military Service: For the 1999-2002 American Community Survey question, the response categories were modified by closing the "August 1990 or later (including Persian Gulf War)" period at March 1995, and adding the "April 1995" or later category. For the 2001-2002 American Community Survey question, the response category was changed from "Korean conflict" to "Korean War." Starting in 2003, the response categories for the question were modified in several ways. The first category "April 1995 or later" was changed to "September 2001 or later" to reflect the era that began after the events of September 11, 2001; the second category "August 1990 to March 1995" was then expanded to "August 1990 to August 2001 (including Persian Gulf War)." The category "February 1955 to July 1964" was split into two categories: "March 1961 to July 1964" and "February 1955 to February 1961." To match the revised dates for war-time periods of the Department of Veteran Affairs, the dates for the "World War II" category were changed from "September 1940 to July 1947" to "December 1941 to December 1946," and the dates for the "Korean War were changed from "June 1950 to January 1955" to "July 1950 to January 1955." To increase specificity, the "Some other time" category was split into two categories: "January 1947 to June 1950" and "November 1941 or earlier."
Excerpt from: Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau; 2005-2007 American Community Survey 3-Year Summary File: Technical Documentation.
 
Two or More Races
People may have chosen to provide two or more races either by checking two or more race response check boxes, by providing multiple responses, or by some combination of check boxes and write-in responses. The race response categories shown on the questionnaire are collapsed into the five minimum races identified by the OMB, and the Census Bureau's "Some other race" category. For data product purposes, "Two or More Races" refers to combinations of two or more of the following race categories:
1. White
2. Black or African American
3. American Indian and Alaska Native
4. Asian
5. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
6. Some other race

There are 57 possible combinations (see below) involving the race categories shown above. Thus, according to this approach, a response of "White" and "Asia"n was tallied as two or more races, while a response of Japanese and Chinese was not because "Japanese" and "Chinese" are both Asian responses. Tabulations of responses involving reporting of two or more races within the American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander categories are available in other data products.
Excerpt from: Social Explorer; U.S. Census Bureau; 2005-2007 American Community Survey 3-Year Summary File: Technical Documentation.
 
Two or More Races (57 Possible Specified Combinations)

  1. White; Black or African American

  2. White; American Indian and Alaska Native

  3. White; Asian

  4. White; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

  5. White; Some other race

  6. Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native

  7. Black or African American; Asian

  8. Black or African American; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

  9. Black or African American; Some other race

  10. American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian

  11. American Indian and Alaska Native; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

  12. American Indian and Alaska Native; Some other race

  13. Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

  14. Asian; Some other race

  15. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race

  16. White; Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native

  17. White; Black or African American; Asian

  18. White; Black or African American; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

  19. White; Black or African American; Some other race

  20. White; American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian

  21. White; American Indian and Alaska Native; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

  22. White; American Indian and Alaska Native; Some other race

  23. White; Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

  24. White; Asian; Some other race

  25. White; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race

  26. Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian

  27. Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

  28. Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native; Some other race

  29. Black or African American; Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

  30. Black or African American; Asian; Some other race

  31. Black or African American; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race

  32. American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

  33. American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian; Some other race

  34. American Indian and Alaska Native; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race

  35. Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race

  36. White; Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian

  37. White; Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

  38. White; Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native; Some other race

  39. White; Black or African American; Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

  40. White; Black or African American; Asian; Some other race

  41. White; Black or African American; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race

  42. White; American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

  43. White; American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian; Some other race

  44. White; American Indian and Alaska Native; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race

  45. White; Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race

  46. Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

  47. Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian; Some other race

  48. Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race

  49. Black or African American; Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race

  50. American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race

  51. White; Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

  52. White; Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian; Some other race

  53. White; Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race

  54. White; Black or African American; Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race

  55. White; American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race

  56. Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race

  57. White; Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native; Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; Some other race



Given the many possible ways of displaying data on two or more races, data products will provide varying levels of detail. The most common presentation shows a single line indicating "Two or more races." Some data products provide totals of all 57 possible race combinations, as well as subtotals of people reporting a specific number of races, such as people reporting two races, people reporting three races, and so on. In other presentations on race, data are shown for the total number of people who reported one of the six categories alone or in combination with one or more other race categories. For example, the category, "Asian alone or in combination with one or more other races" includes people who reported Asian alone and people who reported Asian in combination with White, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and/or Some other race. This number, therefore, represents the maximum number of people who reported as Asian in the question on race. When this data presentation is used, the individual race categories will add to more than the total population because people may be included in more than one category.